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Q:

Arun, Kamal and Vinay invested Rs.8000, Rs.4000 and Rs. 8000 respectively in a business. Arun left after six months. If after eight months, there was a gain of Rs. 4005, then what will be the share of Kamal? 

Answer:
Q:

Rs. 50000 is divided into two parts One part is given to a person with 10% interest and another part is given to a person with 20 % interest. At the end of first year he gets profit 7000 Find money given by 10% ?

A) Rs. 20,000 B) Rs. 10,000
C) Rs. 30,000 D) Rs. 40,000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 30,000

Explanation:

Let first part is 'K' and second part is 'L'
then K + L = 50000---------eq1
Total profit = profit on x + profit on y
7000 = (K x 10 x 1)/100 + (L x 20 x 1)/100
70000 = K + 2L-----------------------------------eq2
70000 = 50000 + L
so L = 20000 then K = 50000 - 20000 = 30000
first part on 10% is = Rs.30000

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Q:

Ravi and Ramu are partners in a business.Ravi contributes 1/6 of the capital for 16 months and Ramu received 2/3 of the profit. For how long Ramu's money was used ?

A) 11 months B) 10 months
C) 9 months D) 8 months
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 8 months

Explanation:

Let the total Profit be Z.
Ramu's profit share is 2/3 of profit (i.e 2Z/3)
Ravi's profit is (Z-2Z/3) =Z/3
Hence the profit ratio is , Ravi : Ramu = Z/3 : 2Z/3 = 1:2

Let total Capital be Rs.X and Ramu has contributed for Y months.Since Ramu's profit share is 2/3, his invest share will be 2/3 in capital.

Ravi's invest for 16 months / Ramu's invest for Y months = Ravi's profit share / Ramu's profit share
i.e. (X/6 x 16) / (2X/3 x Y) = 1/2

Solving the above equation, we get Y = 8.
So Ramu's money has been used for 8 months.

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1 31
Q:

Three friends had dinner at a restaurant. When the bill was received, Akshitha paid 2/3 as much as Veena paid and Veena paid 1/2 as much as Lasya paid. What fraction of the bill did Veena pay ?

A) 11/3 B) 2/13
C) 3/11 D) 13/4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 3/11

Explanation:

Let Veena paid x,
so Akshitha paid 2x/3 , and Lasya paid 2x,
So total bill paid is given by
x+(2x/3) +2x = 1, we get
i.e. x = 3/11

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2 89
Q:

Deepa started a business in 2009 by investing Rs.50,000. She invested Rs. 20,000 as additional amount in 2010 and her friend Sushma joined her with an amount of Rs.70,000. Deepa invested another Rs. 20,000 in 2011 and Avanthi joined them with Rs. 70,000. At the end of these 3 years, they earned a profit of Rs. 3,00,000. Find Sushma's share ?

A) Rs. 75,000 B) Rs. 85,000
C) Rs. 98,000 D) Rs. 1,00,000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 1,00,000

Explanation:

Deepa invested Rs.50,000 for 12 months, Rs.(50000 + 20000) for 12 months and Rs.(50000 + 20000 + 20000) for 12 months.
i.e, she invested Rs.50,000 for 12 months, Rs.70000 for 12 months and Rs.90000 for 12 months.
Sushma invested Rs. 70000 for 2 years; i.e, Rs.70000 for 24 months
And, Avanthi invested Rs.70000 for 1 year; i.e, Rs. 70000 for 12 months.

Their investing ratio:
Deepa : Sushma : Avanthi = (50,000 x 12 + 70000 x 12 + 90000 x 12):(70000 x 24):(70000 x 12)
= (25,20,000):(16,80,000):(8,40,000) = 252:168:84 = 3:2:1

Total profit for 3 years = Rs.3,00,000
Therefore, Sushma's share = Rs.(3,00,000 x 2 /(3+2+1)) = Rs.(3,00,000 x 2/6) = Rs.1,00,000.

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2 114
Q:

Ram and Raj start a business with investments of Rs. 2500 and Rs. 2250 respectively. After 2 months, Ram takes out Rs.1250 from his capital. After 1 more month, Raj takes out Rs.750 of his capital while Rakesh joins them with a capital of Rs. 3500. At the end of 6 months, they earn a profit of Rs. 2540. Which of the following is the share of each member in the profit ?

A) Ram - Rs. 800, Raj - Rs. 900, Rakesh - Rs. 840 B) Ram - Rs. 900, Raj - Rs. 800, Rakesh - Rs. 840
C) Ram - Rs. 840, Raj - Rs. 920, Rakesh - Rs. 840 D) Ram - Rs. 800, Raj - Rs. 900, Rakesh - Rs. 940
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Ram - Rs. 800, Raj - Rs. 900, Rakesh - Rs. 840

Explanation:

Initial investment of Ram = Rs.2500.
After 2 months he withdraw Rs.1250 from his capital.
Therefore, we have, Ram invested Rs.2500 for 2 months and Rs.(2500-1250=) 1250 for 4 months.

Raj invested Rs. 2250 for 3 months and Rs.(2250-750=) 1500 for 3 months.

And, Rakesh invested Rs.3500 for 3 months;

Their investing ratio:
Ram:Raj:Rakesh = (2500x2 + 1250x4):(2250x3 + 1500x3):(3500x3)
= (10,000):(11,250):(10,500) = 1000:1125:1050 = 40:45:42

Total profit for 6 months = Rs.2540
Therefore, Ram's share = Rs.(2540 x 40/(40+45+42)) = Rs.(2540 x 40/127) = Rs.800
Raj's share = Rs.(2540 x 45/127) = Rs.900
Rakesh's share = Rs.(2540 x 42/127) = Rs.840

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