10
Q:

Equal quantities of three mixtures of milk and water are mixed in the ratio 1:2, 2:3 and 3:4. The ratio of water and milk in the mixture is ?

A) 193 : 122 B) 97 : 102
C) 115 : 201 D) 147 : 185

Answer:   A) 193 : 122



Explanation:

Given the three mixtures ratio as (1:2),(2:3),(3:4)

(1+2),(2+3),(3+4)

Total content = 3,5,7

 

Given equal quantities of the three mixtures are mixed, then LCM of 3, 5, 7 = 105

105/3 = 35 , 105/5 = 21 , 105/7 = 15

 

Now, the individual equal quantity ratios are (35x1, 35x2), (21x2, 21x3), (15x3, 15x4)

 i.e (35,70), (42,63), (45,60)

 

So overall mixture ratio of milk and water is

35+42+45 : 70+63+60

122:193

 

But in the question asked the ratio of water to milk = 193 : 122

Q:

In what ratio must wheat at Rs. 3.20/kg be mixed with wheat at Rs. 2.90/kg so that the mixture be worth Rs. 3/kg?

A) 1:2 B) 3:2
C) 2:1 D) 2:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 2:1

Explanation:

Given rate of wheat at cheap = Rs. 2.90/kg

Rate of wheat at cost = Rs. 3.20/kg

Mixture rate = Rs. 3/kg

Ratio of mixture = 

          2.90                              3.20

                              3

(3.20 - 3 = 0.20)            (3 - 2.90 = 0.10)

 

0.20 : 0.10 = 2:1

 

Hence, wheat at Rs. 3.20/kg be mixed with wheat at Rs. 2.90/kg in the ratio of 2:1, so that the mixture be worth Rs. 3/kg.

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0 4
Q:

An alloy contains gold and silver in the ratio 5 : 8 and another alloy contains gold and silver in the ratio 5 : 3. If equal amount of both the alloys are melted together, then the ratio of gold and silver in the resulting alloy is ?

 

A) 113/108 B) 105/103
C) 108/115 D) 103/113
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 105/103

Explanation:

As given equal amounts of alloys are melted, let it be 1 kg.

Required ratio of gold and silver = 513 + 58813 + 38 = 105103.

 

Hence, ratio of gold and silver in the resulting alloy = 105/103.

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4 414
Q:

A tin a mixture of two liquids A and B in the proportion 4 : 1. If 45 litres of the mixture is replaced by 45 litres of liquid B, then the ratio of the two liquids becomes 2 : 5. How much of the liquid B was there in the tin? What quantity does the tin hold?

A) 58 l B) 65 l
C) 50 l D) 62 l
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 50 l

Explanation:

Let the tin contain 5x litres of liquids

5x - 45 x 455x - 45 x 15 + 45 = 25

=> 5(4x - 36) = 2(x + 36)

=> 20x - 180 = 2x + 72

=> x = 14 litres

Hence, the initial quantity of mixture = 70l

Quantity of liquid B

70 - 45 x 15 + 45 

= 50 litres.

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8 1207
Q:

An alloy of copper and bronze weight 50g. It contains 80% Copper. How much copper should be added to the alloy so that percentage of copper is increased to 90%?

A) 45 gm B) 50 gm
C) 55 gm D) 60 gm
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 50 gm

Explanation:

Initial quantity of copper =80100 x 50 = 40 g 

And that of Bronze = 50 - 40 = 10 g

Let 'p' gm of copper is added to the mixture

=> 50 + p x 90100 = 40 + p

=> 45 + 0.9p = 40 + p

=> p = 50 g

Hence, 50 gms of copper is added to the mixture, so that the copper is increased to 90%.

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6 972
Q:

A man pays Rs. 6.40 per litre of milk. He adds water and sells the mixture at Rs. 8 per litre, thereby making 37.5% profit. The proportion of water to milk received by the customers is

A) 1 : 10 B) 10 : 1
C) 9 : 11 D) 11 : 9
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1 : 10

Explanation:

Customer ratio of Milk and Water is given by

Milk          ::        Water

  6.4                         0

         81 + 38 =6411

 6411                      6410 - 6411 

=> Milk : Water = 110 : 11 = 10 : 1

 

Therefore, the proportionate of Water to Milk for Customer is 1 : 10

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13 985
Q:

In a 40 litre mixture of alcohol & water, the ratio of alcohol and water is 5 : 3. If 20% of this mixture is taken out and the same amount of water is added then what will be the ratio of alcohol and water in final mixture?

A) 1:1 B) 2:1
C) 3:1 D) 1:2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1:1

Explanation:

Quantity of alohol in the mixture = 40 x 5/8 = 25 lit

Quantity of water = 40 - 25 = 15 lit

According to question,

Required ratio = 20 - 40 x 20100 x 5815 - 40 x 20100 x 38 + 40 x 20100 = 2015 - 3 + 8 = 1 : 1

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9 1437
Q:

In a 100 litre of mixture the ratio of milk and water is 6:4. How much milk must be added to the mixture in order to make the ratio 3 : 1?

A) 85 B) 60
C) 55 D) 45
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 60

Explanation:

Let M litres milk be added


=> 60 + M40 = 31


=> 60 + M = 120


=> M = 60 lit.

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8 658
Q:

A mixture contains 25% milk and rest water. What percent of this mixture must taken out and replaced with milk so that in mixture milk and water may become equal. 

A) 31.8% B) 31%
C) 33.33% D) 29.85%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 33.33%

Explanation:

Now, take percentage of milk and applying mixture rule

25          100

       50

50            25  = 2 : 1

 

Hence required answer =  1/3 or 33.33%

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15 897