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Q:

From a container, 6 liters milk was drawn out and was replaced by water. Again 6 liters of mixture was drawn out and was replaced by the water. Thus the quantity of milk and water in the container after these two operations is 9:16. The quantity of mixture is:

A) 15 B) 16
C) 25 D) 31

Answer:   A) 15

Explanation:

Let quantity of mixture be x liters.

Suppose a container contains x units of liquid from which y units are taken out and replaced by water. After operations , the quantity of pure liquid =  units, Where n = no of operations .

So, Quantity of Milk = 

 

 

Given that, Milk : Water = 9 : 16

 Milk : (Milk + Water) = 9 : (9+16)

 Milk : Mixture = 9 : 25

 

 

Q:

A vessel contains 20 liters of a mixture of milk and water in the ratio 3:2. 10 liters of the mixture are removed and replaced with an equal quantity of pure milk. If the process is repeated once more, find the ratio of milk and water in the final mixture obtained ?

A) 5:3 B) 1:4
C) 4:1 D) 9:1
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 9:1

Explanation:

Milk = 3/5 x 20 = 12 liters, water = 8 liters

If 10 liters of mixture are removed, amount of milk removed = 6 liters and amount of water removed = 4 liters.

Remaining milk = 12 - 6 = 6 liters
Remaining water = 8 - 4 = 4 liters

10 liters of pure milk are added, therefore total milk = (6 + 10) = 16 liters.

The ratio of milk and water in the new mixture = 16:4 = 4:1

If the process is repeated one more time and 10 liters of the mixture are removed,
then amount of milk removed = 4/5 x 10 = 8 liters.

Amount of water removed = 2 liters.

Remaining milk = (16 - 8) = 8 liters.
Remaining water = (4 -2) = 2 liters.

Now 10 lts milk is added => total milk = 18 lts

The required ratio of milk and water in the final mixture obtained

= (8 + 10):2 = 18:2 = 9:1.

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0 22
Q:

A mixture of 70 litres of Fruit Juice and water contains 10% water. How many litres of water should be added to the mixture so that the mixture contains 12 1/2% water   ?

A) 2 lit B) 4 lit
C) 1 lit D) 3 lit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2 lit

Explanation:

Quantity of fruit juice in the mixture = 90/100 (70) = 63 litres.

After adding water, juice would form 87 1/2% of the mixture.

Hence, if quantity of mixture after adding x liters of water, (87 1/2) / 100 x = 63 => x = 72

Hence 72 - 70 = 2 litres of water must be added.

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2 70
Q:

A mixture of 150 liters of wine and water contains 20% water. How much more water should be added so that water becomes 25% of the new mixture ?

A) 5 lit B) 10 lit
C) 15 lit D) 20 lit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 10 lit

Explanation:

Number of liters of water in 150 liters of the mixture = 20% of 150 = 20/100 x 150 = 30 liters.
P liters of water added to the mixture to make water 25% of the new mixture.
Total amount of water becomes (30 + P) and total volume of mixture is (150 + P).
(30 + P) = 25/100 x (150 + P)
120 + 4P = 150 + P => P = 10 liters.

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1 107
Q:

640 ml of a mixture contains milk and water in ratio 6:2. How much of the water is to be added to get a new mixture containing half milk and half water ?

A) 360 ml B) 320 ml
C) 310 ml D) 330 ml
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 320 ml

Explanation:

Here total parts of milk and water in the solution is 6+2 = 8 parts
1part = 640/8 = 80
old mixture contains 6parts of milk and 2 parts of water(6:2).
To get new mixture containing half milk and half water, add 4parts of water to the old mixture then 6:(2+4) to make the ratio same.
i.e, 4 x 80 = 320 ml.

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4 438
Q:

Equal quantities of three mixtures of milk and water are mixed in the ratio 1:2, 2:3 and 3:4. The ratio of water and milk in the mixture is ?

A) 193 : 122 B) 97 : 102
C) 115 : 201 D) 147 : 185
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 193 : 122

Explanation:

Given the three mixtures ratio as (1:2),(2:3),(3:4)

(1+2),(2+3),(3+4)

Total content = 3,5,7

Given equal quantities of the three mixtures are mixed, then LCM of 3, 5, 7 = 105

105/3 = 35 , 105/5 = 21 , 105/7 = 15

Now, the individual equal quantity ratios are (35x1, 35x2), (21x2, 21x3), (15x3, 15x4)

(35,70), (42,63), (45,60)

So overall mixture ratio of milk and water is

35+42+45 : 70+63+60

122:193

But in the question asked the ratio of water to milk = 193 : 122

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