4
Q:

From a tank of petrol, which contains 200 litres of petrol, the seller replaces each time with kerosene when he sells 40 litres of petrol(or its mixture). Everytime he sells out only 40 litres of petrol(pure or impure). After replacing the petrol with kerosen 4th time, the total amount of kerosene in the mixture is 

A) 81.92L B) 96L
C) 118.08L D) None of these

Answer:   C) 118.08L



Explanation:

The amount of petrol left after 4 operations 

= 81.92 litres

Hence the amount of kerosene = 200 - 81.92 = 118. 08 litres

Q:

Manideep purchases 30kg of barley at the rate of 11.50/kg and 20kg at the rate of 14.25/kg. He mixed the two and sold the mixture in the shop. At what price per kg should he sell the mixture to make 30% profit to him ?

A) 15.84 B) 14.92
C) 13.98 D) 16.38
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 16.38

Explanation:

Given, Manideep purchases 30kg of barley at the rate of 11.50/kg nad 20kg at the rate of 14.25/kg.

Total cost of the mixture of barley = (30 x 11.50) + (20 x 14.25)

=> Total cost of the mixture = Rs. 630

Total kgs of the mixture = 30 + 20 = 50kg

Cost of mixture/kg = 630/50 = 12.6/kg

To make 30% of profit

=> Selling price for manideep = 12.6 + 30% x 12.6

=> Selling price for manideep = 12.6 + 3.78 = 16.38/kg.

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3 52
Q:

There are two mixtures of honey and water in which the ratio of honey and water are as 1:3 and 3:1 respectively. Two litres are drawn from first mixture and 3 litres from second mixture, are mixed to form another mixture. What is the ratio of honey and water in it ?

A) 111:108 B) 11:9
C) 103:72 D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 11:9

Explanation:

From the given data,

The part of honey in the first mixture = 1/4

The part of honey in the second mixture = 3/4

Let the part of honey in the third mixture = x

Then,

1/4             3/4

           x

(3/4)-x     x-(1/4) 

Given from mixtures 1 & 2 the ratio of mixture taken out is 2 : 3

=> 

=> Solving we get the part of honey in the third mixture as 11/20

=> the remaining part of the mixture is water = 9/20

Hence, the ratio of the mixture of honey and water in the third mixture is 11 : 9 .

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3 21
Q:

In what ratio must a merchant mix two varieties of oils worth Rs. 60/kg and Rs. 65/kg, so that by selling the mixture at Rs. 68.20/kg, he may gain 10% ?

A) 2:3 B) 4:3
C) 3:4 D) 3:2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 3:2

Explanation:

Let he mixes the oils in the ratio = x : y

Then, the cost price of the oils = 60x + 65y

Given selling price = Rs. 68.20

=> Selling price = 68.20(x+y)

Given profit = 10% = SP - CP

=> 10/100 (60x + 65y) = 68.20(x+y)-(60x + 65y)

=> 6x + 6.5y = 8.20x + 3.20y

=>2.2x = 3.3y

=> x : y = 3 : 2

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6 88
Q:

Milk and water are mixed in a vessel A as 4:1 and in vessel B as 3:2. For vessel C, if one takes equal quantities from A and B, find the ratio of milk to water in C.

A) 1:9 B) 9:1
C) 3:7 D) 7:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7:3

Explanation:

Ratio of Milk and water in a vessel A is 4 : 1

Ratio of Milk and water in a vessel B is 3 : 2

Ratio of only milk in vessel A = 4 : 5

Ratio of only milk in vessel B = 3 : 5

Let 'x' be the quantity of milk in vessel C

Now as equal quantities are taken out from both vessels A & B

=> 4/5     :     3/5
               x 
  3/5-x          x - 4/5

=>   = 1/1 (equal quantities)

=> x = 7/10

Therefore, quantity of milk in vessel C  = 7

=> Water quantity = 10 - 7 = 3

Hence the ratio of milk & water in vessel 3 is 7 : 3 

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7 233
Q:

In a mixture, the ratio of juice and water is 4 : 3. By adding 6 litre water the ratio of juice and water will be 8 : 7. What is the amount of juice in the original mixture ?

A) 38 lit B) 96 lit
C) 48 lit D) 52 lit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 48 lit

Explanation:

Let the amount of juice and water in original mixture '4x' litre and '3x' litre respectively.

According to given data,

4x/3x+6 =8/7

28x=24x+48

28x–24x=48

4x = 48

x = 12

Amount of juice = 4x = 4×12 = 48 litre.

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5 314