14
Q:

In the 75 litres of mixture of milk and water, the ratio of milk and water is 4:1. The quantity of water required to make the ratio of milk and water 3:1 is 

A) 1 litre B) 3 litres
C) 4 litres D) 5 litres

Answer:   D) 5 litres



Explanation:

Total quantity of mixture = 75 litre

Milk  :  Water  =  4  :  1   

            

                   3       :       1

Q:

Manideep purchases 30kg of barley at the rate of 11.50/kg and 20kg at the rate of 14.25/kg. He mixed the two and sold the mixture in the shop. At what price per kg should he sell the mixture to make 30% profit to him ?

A) 15.84 B) 14.92
C) 13.98 D) 16.38
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 16.38

Explanation:

Given, Manideep purchases 30kg of barley at the rate of 11.50/kg nad 20kg at the rate of 14.25/kg.

Total cost of the mixture of barley = (30 x 11.50) + (20 x 14.25)

=> Total cost of the mixture = Rs. 630

Total kgs of the mixture = 30 + 20 = 50kg

Cost of mixture/kg = 630/50 = 12.6/kg

To make 30% of profit

=> Selling price for manideep = 12.6 + 30% x 12.6

=> Selling price for manideep = 12.6 + 3.78 = 16.38/kg.

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3 53
Q:

There are two mixtures of honey and water in which the ratio of honey and water are as 1:3 and 3:1 respectively. Two litres are drawn from first mixture and 3 litres from second mixture, are mixed to form another mixture. What is the ratio of honey and water in it ?

A) 111:108 B) 11:9
C) 103:72 D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 11:9

Explanation:

From the given data,

The part of honey in the first mixture = 1/4

The part of honey in the second mixture = 3/4

Let the part of honey in the third mixture = x

Then,

1/4             3/4

           x

(3/4)-x     x-(1/4) 

Given from mixtures 1 & 2 the ratio of mixture taken out is 2 : 3

=> 

=> Solving we get the part of honey in the third mixture as 11/20

=> the remaining part of the mixture is water = 9/20

Hence, the ratio of the mixture of honey and water in the third mixture is 11 : 9 .

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3 21
Q:

In what ratio must a merchant mix two varieties of oils worth Rs. 60/kg and Rs. 65/kg, so that by selling the mixture at Rs. 68.20/kg, he may gain 10% ?

A) 2:3 B) 4:3
C) 3:4 D) 3:2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 3:2

Explanation:

Let he mixes the oils in the ratio = x : y

Then, the cost price of the oils = 60x + 65y

Given selling price = Rs. 68.20

=> Selling price = 68.20(x+y)

Given profit = 10% = SP - CP

=> 10/100 (60x + 65y) = 68.20(x+y)-(60x + 65y)

=> 6x + 6.5y = 8.20x + 3.20y

=>2.2x = 3.3y

=> x : y = 3 : 2

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6 89
Q:

Milk and water are mixed in a vessel A as 4:1 and in vessel B as 3:2. For vessel C, if one takes equal quantities from A and B, find the ratio of milk to water in C.

A) 1:9 B) 9:1
C) 3:7 D) 7:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7:3

Explanation:

Ratio of Milk and water in a vessel A is 4 : 1

Ratio of Milk and water in a vessel B is 3 : 2

Ratio of only milk in vessel A = 4 : 5

Ratio of only milk in vessel B = 3 : 5

Let 'x' be the quantity of milk in vessel C

Now as equal quantities are taken out from both vessels A & B

=> 4/5     :     3/5
               x 
  3/5-x          x - 4/5

=>   = 1/1 (equal quantities)

=> x = 7/10

Therefore, quantity of milk in vessel C  = 7

=> Water quantity = 10 - 7 = 3

Hence the ratio of milk & water in vessel 3 is 7 : 3 

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7 237
Q:

In a mixture, the ratio of juice and water is 4 : 3. By adding 6 litre water the ratio of juice and water will be 8 : 7. What is the amount of juice in the original mixture ?

A) 38 lit B) 96 lit
C) 48 lit D) 52 lit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 48 lit

Explanation:

Let the amount of juice and water in original mixture '4x' litre and '3x' litre respectively.

According to given data,

4x/3x+6 =8/7

28x=24x+48

28x–24x=48

4x = 48

x = 12

Amount of juice = 4x = 4×12 = 48 litre.

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5 314