7
Q:

Find the number of triangles in the given figure?

A) 16 B) 22
C) 28 D) 32

Answer:   C) 28

Explanation:

The simplest triangles are AFJ, FJK, FKB, BKG, JKG, JGC, HJC, HIJ, DIH, DEI, EIJ and AEJ i.e. 12 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are JFB, FBG, BJG, JFG, DEJ, EJH, DJH and DEH i.e. 8 in number.

The triangles composed of three components each are AJB, JBC, DJC and ADJ i.e. 4 in number.

The triangles composed of six components each are DAB, ABC, BCD and ADC i.e. 4 in number.

Thus, there are 12 + 8 + 4 + 4 = 28 triangles in the figure.

Q:

Determine the number of rectangles and hexagons in the following figure.

A) 30, 5 B) 32, 3
C) 28, 5 D) 30, 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 30, 5

Explanation:

The figure may be labelled as shown

Rectangles :

The simplest rectangles are CVSR, VETS, RSWM and STKW i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of two components each are CETR, VEKW, RTKM and CVWM i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of three components each are ACRP, PRMO, EGHT and THIK i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of four components each are CEKM, AVSP, PSWO,VGHS and SHIW i.e 5 in number.

The rectangles composed of five components each are AETP, PTKO, CGHR and RHIM i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of six components each are ACMO and EGIK i.e 2 in number.

The rectangles composed of eight components each are AGHP, PHIO, AVWO and VGIW i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of ten components each are AEKO and CGIM i.e 2 in number.

AGIO is the only rectangle having sixteen components

 Total number of rectangles in the given figure = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 4 + 2 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 30.

Hexagons :

The hexagons in the given figure are CDEKLM, CEUKMQ, CFHJMQ, BEUKNP and BFHJNP. So, there are 5 hexagons in the given figure.

 

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4 515
Q:

Count the number of triangles and squares in the given figure.

A) 36 triangles, 7 Squares B) 38 triangles, 9 Squares
C) 40 triangles, 7 Squares D) 42 triangles, 9 Squares
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 40 triangles, 7 Squares

Explanation:

The figure may be labelled as shown 

Triangles :


The Simplest triangles are BGM, GHM, HAM, ABM, GIN, IJN, JHN, HGN, IKO, KLO, LJO, JIO, KDP, DEP, ELP, LKP, BCD and AFE i.e 18 in number

The triangles composed of two components each are ABG, BGH, GHA, HAB, HGI, GIJ, IJH, JHG, JIK, IKL, KLJ,LJI, LKD, KDE, DEL and ELK i.e 16 in number.

The triangles composed of four components each are BHI, GJK, ILD, AGJ, HIL and JKE i.e 6 in number.

 Total number of triangles in the figure = 18 + 16 + 6 =40.

Squares :


The Squares composed of two components each are MGNH, NIOJ, and OKPL i.e 3 in number

The Squares composed of four components each are BGHA, GIJH, IKJL and KDEL i.e 4 in number

 Total number of squares in the figure = 3 + 4 =7

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4 427
Q:

Find the number of triangles in the given figure?

A) 10 B) 12
C) 14 D) 16
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 14

Explanation:

The figure may be labelled as shown

The simplest triangles are ABJ, ACJ, BDH, DHF, CIE and GIE i.e 6 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are ABC, BDF, CEG, BHJ, JHK, JKI and CJI i.e 7 in number.

There is only one triangle JHI which is composed of four components.

Thus, there are 6 + 7 + 1 = 14 triangles in the given figure.

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8 395
Q:

Find the number of triangles in the given figure?

A) 11 B) 13
C) 15 D) 17
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 15

Explanation:

We may label the figure as shown.

The Simplest triangles are AFB, FEB, EBC, DEC, DFB and AFD i.e 6 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are AEB, FBC, DFC, ADE, DBE and ABD i.e 6 in number.

The triangles composed of three components each are ADC and ABC i.e 2 in number.

There is only one triangle i.e DBC which is composed of four components.

Thus, there are 6 + 6 + 2 + 1 = 15 triangles in the figure

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1 411
Q:

What is the number of rectangles in the following figure?

A) 6 B) 7
C) 9 D) 11
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9

Explanation:

The simplest rectangles are AEHG, EFJH, FBKJ, JKCL and GILD i.e 5 in number.

The rectangles composed of two components each are AFJG and FBCL i.e 2 in number

Only one rectangle namely AFLD is composed of three components and only one rectangle namely ABCD is composed of five components.

Thus, there are 5 + 2 + 1 + 1 = 9 rectangles in the given figure.

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11 423