Arithmetical Reasoning Questions

Q:

If you write down all the numbers from 1 to 100, then how many times do you write 3 ?

A) 11 B) 18
C) 20 D) 21
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 20

Explanation:

Clearly, From 1 to 100, there are ten numbers with 3 as the unit's digit - 3, 13, 23, 33, 43, 53, 63, 73, 83, 93 and ten numbers with 3 as the ten's digit - 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39.

 

So, required number = 10 + 10 = 20.

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189 17822
Q:

Two bus tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 77 but three tickets from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 73. What are the fares for cities B and C from A ?

A) Rs. 4, Rs. 23 B) Rs. 13, Rs. 17
C) Rs. 15, Rs. 14 D) Rs. 17, Rs. 13
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 13, Rs. 17

Explanation:

Let Rs. x be the fare of city B from city A and Rs. y be the fare of city C from city A.

Then, 2x + 3y = 77 ...(i) and

3x + 2y = 73 ...(ii)

Multiplying (i) by 3 and (ii) by 2 and subtracting, we get: 5y = 85 or y = 17.

Putting y = 17 in (i), we get: x = 13.

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303 13656
Q:

A tailor had a number of shirt pieces to cut from a roll of fabric. He cut each roll of equal length into 10 pieces. He cut at the rate of 45 cuts a minute. How many rolls would be cut in 24 minutes ?

A) 32 rolls B) 54 rolls
C) 108 rolls D) 120 rolls
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 120 rolls

Explanation:

Number of cuts made to cut a roll into 10 pieces = 9.

Therefore, Required number of rolls = (45 x 24)/9 = 120.

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182 8785
Q:

Today is Varun's birthday. One year, from today he will be twice as old as he was 12 years ago. How old is Varun today ?

A) 20 years B) 22 years
C) 25 years D) 27 years
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 25 years

Explanation:

Let Varun's age today = x years. 

Then, Varun's age after 1 year = (x + 1) years.

Therefore x + 1 = 2 (x - 12) =>  x + 1 = 2x - 24 =>  x = 25.

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147 6927
Q:

In three coloured boxes - Red, Green and Blue, 108 balls are placed. There are twice as many balls in the green and red boxes combined as there are in the blue box and twice as many in the blue box as there are in the red box. How many balls are there in the green box ?

A) 18 B) 36
C) 45 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) None of these

Explanation:

Let R, G and B represent the number of balls in red, green and blue boxes respectively.

 

Then, 

 

R + G + B = 108 ...(i),

 

G + R = 2B ...(ii)

 

B = 2R ...(iii)

 

From (ii) and (iii), we have G + R = 2x 2R = 4R or G = 3R.

 

Putting G = 3R and B = 2R in (i), we get:

 

R + 3R + 2R = 108 =>  6R = 108 => R = 18.

 

Therefore Number of balls in green box = G = 3R = (3 x 18) = 54.

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78 6623
Q:

Ayush was born two years after his father's marriage. His mother is five years younger than his father but 20 years older than Ayush who is 10 years old. At what age did the father get married ?

A) 23 years B) 25 years
C) 33 years D) 35 years
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 23 years

Explanation:

Ayush's present age = 10 years.

His mother's present age = (10 + 20) years = 30 years.

Ayush's father's present age = (30 + 5) years = 35 years.

Ayush's father's age at the time of Ayush's birth = (35 - 10) years = 25 years.

Therefore Ayush's father's age at the time of marriage = (25 - 2) years = 23 years.

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103 5414
Q:

In a class of 60 students, the number of boys and girls participating in the annual sports is in the ratio 3 : 2 respectively. The number of girls not participating in the sports is 5 more than the number of boys not participating in the sports. If the number of boys participating in the sports is 15, then how many girls are there in the class ?

A) 20 B) 25
C) 30 D) Data inadequate
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 30

Explanation:

Let the number of boys and girls participating in sports be 3x and 2x respectively.

 

Then, 3x = 15 or x = 5.

 

So, number of girls participating in sports = 2x = 10.

 

Number of students not participating in sports = 60 - (15 + 10) = 35.

 

Let number of boys not participating in sports be y.

 

Then, number of girls not participating in sports = (35 -y).

 

Therefore (35 - y) = y + 5 <=> 2y<=>  30<=> y = 15.

 

So, number of girls not participating in sports = (35 - 15) = 20.

 

Hence, total number of girls in the class = (10 + 20) = 30.

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35 5211
Q:

A, B, C, D and E play a game of cards. A says to B, "If you give me 3 cards, you will have as many as I have at this moment while if D takes 5 cards from you, he will have as many as E has." A and C together have twice as many cards as E has. B and D together also have the same number of cards as A and C taken together. If together they have 150 cards, how many cards has C got ? 

A) 28 B) 29
C) 31 D) 35
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 28

Explanation:

Clearly, we have :

A = B - 3 ...(i)

D + 5 = E ...(ii)

A+C = 2E ...(iii)

B + D = A+C = 2E ...(iv)

A+B + C + D + E=150 ...(v)

From (iii), (iv) and (v), we get: 5E = 150 or E = 30.

Putting E = 30 in (ii), we get: D = 25.

Putting E = 30 and D = 25 in (iv), we get: B = 35.

Putting B = 35 in (i), we get: A = 32.

Putting A = 32 and E = 30 in (iii), we get: C = 28.

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33 4581