Deriving Conclusions From Passages Questions

Q:

A study of native born residents in Newland found that two-thirds of the children developed considerable levels of nearsightedness after starting school, while their illiterate parents and grandparents, who had no opportunity for formal schooling, showed no signs of this disability.

 

If the above statements are true, which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by them?

A) Only people who have the opportunity for formal ...........schooling develop nearsightedness. B) The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work.

Explanation:

Acording to the above stated passage only the argument " The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work." will be true

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Q:

Although most of the fastest growing jobs in today's economy will require a college degree, many of the new jobs being created-from home health aide to desktop publisher-require knowledge other than that gained from earning a degree. For workers in those jobs, good basic skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in getting a job and developing a career. 

 

From the information given above it can be validly concluded that, in today's economy,

A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher B) the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher

Explanation:

According to the above passage only the argument "the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree" is true

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Q:

No national productivity measures are available for underground industries that may exist but remain unreported. On the other hand, at least some industries that are run entirely by self-employed industrialists are included in national productivity measures. 

 

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are underground industries B) no industries that are run entirely by self-employed industrialists operate underground
C) there are at least some industries other than those run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are underground industries D) there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are not underground industries
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are not underground industries

Explanation:

D is the only argument that will be apt for the passage

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Q:

Sally has never received a violation from the Federal Aviation Administration during her 16-year flying career. Sally must be a great pilot. 

 

Which of the following can be said about the reasoning above?

A) The definitions of the terms create ambiguity. B) The argument uses circular reasoning.
C) The argument works by analogy. D) The argument is built upon hidden assumptions.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) The argument is built upon hidden assumptions.

Explanation:

From the above statemnts only "The argument is built upon hidden assumptions." will be true

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Q:

Is it wrong for doctors to lie about their patients' illnesses? Aren't doctors just like any other people we hire to do a job for us? Surely, we would not tolerate not being told the truth about the condition of our automobile from the mechanic we hired to fix it, or the condition of our roof from the carpenter we employed to repair it. Just as these workers would be guilty of violating their good faith contracts with us if they were to do this, doctors who lie to their patients about their illnesses violate these contracts as well, and this is clearly wrong.

 

The conclusion of the argument is best expressed by which of the following?

A) Doctors are just hired workers like mechanics and ...........carpenters. B) It is wrong for doctors to lie about their patients' ...........illnesses.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) It is wrong for doctors to lie about their patients' ...........illnesses.

Explanation:

It is wrong for doctors to lie about their patients' ...........illnesses. From the above statements this will be true

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Q:

Lycopene, glutathione, and glutamine are powerful antioxidants that neutralize the free radicals that are produced in the body as a result of routine bodily processes. An excess of these free radicals in your system causes rapid aging because they accelerate the rate of cellular damage. Aging is simply the result of this damage. Thus, to slow down aging it is necessary to supplement your diet with these antioxidants on a daily basis. 

 

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the author's contention?

A) Most persons aren't concerned with the effects of aging ...........until it is too late to do anything B) Exercise associated with normal daily activities effectively ...........neutralizes and dissipates the free radicals that are ...........produced as a result of routine bodily processes.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Exercise associated with normal daily activities effectively ...........neutralizes and dissipates the free radicals that are ...........produced as a result of routine bodily processes.

Explanation:

Exercise associated with normal daily activities effectively ...........neutralizes and dissipates the free radicals that are ...........produced as a result of routine bodily processes is true for the above stated arguments

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Q:

As any economist knows, healthy people pose less of an economic burden to society than unhealthy people. Not surprisingly, then, every dollar our state government spends on prenatal care for undocumented immigrants will save taxpayers of this state three dollars.

 

Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the statistics cited above are not surprising?

A) The state's taxpayers pay for prenatal care of all ...........immigrants. B) Pregnant women who do not receive prenatal care are ...........more likely to experience health problems than ...........other pregnant women.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Pregnant women who do not receive prenatal care are ...........more likely to experience health problems than ...........other pregnant women.

Explanation:

From the above passage this will only be true  Pregnant women who do not receive prenatal care are ...........more likely to experience health problems than ...........other pregnant women.

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Q:

Lou observes that if flight 409 is canceled, then the manager could not possibly arrive in time for the meeting. But the flight was not canceled. Therefore, Lou concludes, the manager will certainly be on time. Evelyn replies that even if Lou's premises are true, his argument is fallacious. And therefore, she adds, the manager will not arrive on time after all.

 

Which of the following is the strongest thing that we can properly say about this discussion?

A) Evelyn is mistaken in thinking Lou's argument to be fallacious, and so her own conclusion is unwarranted. B) Evelyn is right about Lou's argument, but nevertheless her own conclusion is unwarranted.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Evelyn is right about Lou's argument, but nevertheless her own conclusion is unwarranted.

Explanation:

Only option b will be apt among all the statements above

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