Statement and Conclusions Questions

Q:

All windows are doors. No door is wall

Conclusions:

1. No window is wall

2. No Wall is door

A) Only 1 follows B) Only 2 follows
C) Either 1 or 2 follows D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative, the conclusion must be universal negative. Also, the conclusion should not contain the middle term. So, 1 follows.

 

However, 2 is the converse of the second premise and thus it also holds.

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Q:

Artists are generally whimsical. Some of them are frustrated. Frustrated people are prone to be drug addicts.

Based on these statements which of the following conclusions is true?

A) All frustrated people are drug addicts B) Frustrated people are whimsical
C) All drug addicts are artists D) Some artists may be drug addicts
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Some artists may be drug addicts

Explanation:
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Q:

Some blades are hammers. Some hammers are knives. Some knives are axes.

Conclusions:

1. Some axes are hammers

2. Some knives are blades

3. Some axes are blades

A) None follows B) Only 1 follows
C) Only 2 follows D) Only 3 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) None follows

Explanation:

Since each combination has of premises has 2 particular premises, so no defenite conclusion follows

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Q:

Some tapes are discs. Some discs are cassettes. Some cassettes are songs

Conclusions:

1. Some songs are discs

2. Some cassettes are tapes

3. Some songs are tapes

4. No song is a disc

A) Only either 1 or 4 follows B) Only either 2 or 4 follows
C) Only 3 and 4 follow D) Only 3 and either 2 or 4 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only either 1 or 4 follows

Explanation:

Since each combiantion of premise contain 2 particular premises, no definite conclusion can be drawn. However, 1 and 4 involve the extreme terms of 2nd and 3rd premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either 1 or 4 follows.

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Q:

Some mountains are hillocks. Some mountains are rivers. Some mountains are valleys.

Conclusions:

1. All mountains are either hillocks or rivers or valleys

2. No valley is river

3. Some river are valleys

A) None follows B) Only 1 follows
C) Only 2 and 3 follow D) Only 3 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Only 2 and 3 follow

Explanation:

2 and 3 are the satements involving the extreme terms of the last 2 premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either 2 or 3 follows

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