Time and Work Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  TIME  AND  WORK  QUESTIONS

 

 

1. If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =1n

2. If A’s 1 day's work =1n, then A can finish the work in n days.

 

3. A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

 

NOTE : 

Efficiency1No of time units

 

 Efficiency × Time = Constant Work

 

Hence, Required time = WorkEfficiency

 

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = 100Efficiency

Q:

An air conditioner can coo the hall in 40 miutes while another takes 45 minutes to cool under similar conditions. If both air conditioners are switched on at same instance then how long will it take to cool the room approximately ?

A) 18 minutes B) 19 minutes
C) 22 minutes D) 24 minutes
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 22 minutes

Explanation:

Let the two conditioners be A and B

'A' cools at 40min

'B' at 45min

Together =(axb)/(a+b) = (45x40)/85 = 21.1764 = (approx) 22 min.

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3 2899
Q:

A single reservoir supplies the petrol to the whole city, while the reservoir is fed by a single pipeline filling the reservoir with the stream of uniform volume. When the reservoir is full and if 40,000 liters of petrol is used daily, the suply fails in 90 days.If 32,000 liters of petrol is used daily, it fails in 60 days. How much petrol can be used daily with out the supply ever failing? 

A) 64000 liters B) 56000 liters
C) 78000 liters D) 60000 liters
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 56000 liters

Explanation:

Let x liter be the per day filling and v litr be the capacity of the reservoir, then 

      90x + v = 40000 * 90     -----(1)

      60x + v= 32000 * 60     ------(2)

solving eq.(1) and (2) , we get

      x = 56000

Hence , 56000 liters per day can be used without the failure of supply.

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4 2813
Q:

A can do a piece of work in 30 days. He works at it for 6 days and then B finishes it in 18 days. In what time can A and B together it ?

A) 14 1/2 days B) 11 days
C) 13 1/4 days D) 12 6/7 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 12 6/7 days

Explanation:

Let 'B' alone can do the work in 'x' days

6/30 + 18/x = 1

=> x = 22.5

 

1/30 + 1/22.5 = 7/90 

=> 90/7 = 12 6/7 days

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8 2584
Q:

Kaushalya can do a work in 20 days, while kaikeyi can do the same work in 25 days. They started the work jointly.Few days later Sumitra also joined them and thus all of them completed the whole work in 10 days. All of them were paid total Rs.700. What is the Share of Sumitra?

A) Rs.130 B) Rs.185
C) Rs.70 D) can't be determined
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs.70

Explanation:

Efficiency of kaushalya = 5%

Efficiency of kaikeyi  = 4%

Thus, in 10 days working together they will complete only 90% of the work.

          [(5+4)*10] =90

Hence, the remaining work will surely done by sumitra, which is 10%.

Thus, sumitra will get 10% of Rs. 700, which is Rs.70

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2 2574
Q:

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 hours and 1717 hours respectively. Harihar opened the pipes A and B to fill an empty tank and some times later he closed the taps A and B , when the tank was supposed to be full. After that it was found that the tank was emptied in 2.5 hours because an outlet pipe "C" connected to the tank was open from the beginning. If Harihar closed the pipe C instead of closing pipes A and B the remaining tank would have been filled in :

A) 2 hours B) 8 hours
C) 6 hours D) 4 hours
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 8 hours

Explanation:

Efficiency of Inlet pipe A = 4.16%       10024 

 

Efficiency of Inlet pipe B = 5.83%      1001717  

 

Therefore, Efficiency of A and B together = 100 %   

 

Now, if the efficiency of outlet pipe be x% then in 10 hours the capacity of tank which will be filled = 10 *  (10 - x)

 

Now, since this amount of water is being emptied by 'C' at x% per hour, then

 

 10x10-xx=2.5 hrs 

 => x = 8 

 

Therefore, in 10 hours 20% tank is filled only. Hence, the remaining 80% of the  capacity will be filled by pipes A and B  in 80/10 = 8 hours 

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16 2544
Q:

12 men complete a work in 9 days. After they have worked for 6 days, 4 more men join them. How many days will they take to complete the remaining work ?

A) 2 days B) 2.5 days
C) 2.25 days D) 3 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 2.25 days

Explanation:

1 man's 1 day work = 1/108
12 men's 6 day's work = 1/9 x 6 = 2/3

Remaining work = 1 - 2/3 = 1/3

16 men's 1 day work = 1/108 x 16 = 4/27
4/27 work is done by them in 1 day.

1/3 work is done by them in 27/4 x 1/3 = 9/4 days.

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4 2528
Q:

Twenty men can do a work in eighteen days. Eighteen women can complete the same work in fifteen days. What is the ratio between the capacity of a woman and a man ?

A) 4:5 B) 3:4
C) 4:3 D) 2:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 4:3

Explanation:

(20 x 18) men can complete the work in in one day.

one man's one day work = 1/360

(18 x 15) women can complete the work in 1 day

1 woman's one day work = 1/270

So, required ratio = 1270:1360= 4:3

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10 2485
Q:

Raghu can complete a work in 12days working 9 hours a day. Arun can complete the same work in 8 days working 11 hours a day. If both Raghu and Arun work together, working 12 hours a day, in how many days can they complete the work ?

A)3449 days   

B)12449 days 

C)4349 days    

D)41249 days

A) Option A B) Option B
C) Option C D) Option D
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Option C

Explanation:

Raghu can complete the work in (12 x 9)hrs = 108 hrs.

 

 Arun can complete the work in (8 x 11)hrs = 88 hrs.

 

Raghu's 1 hrs work = 1/108 and Arun's 1 hrs work = 1/88

 

(Raghu + Arun)'s 1 hrs work = 1108+188=492376

 
So, both Raghu and Arun will finish the work in 237649 hrs

Number of days of 12 hours each=237649×112 = 19849=4349 days

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4 2279