Time and Work Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  TIME  AND  WORK  QUESTIONS

 

 

1. If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =1n

2. If A’s 1 day's work =1n, then A can finish the work in n days.

 

3. A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

 

NOTE : 

Efficiency1No of time units

 

 Efficiency × Time = Constant Work

 

Hence, Required time = WorkEfficiency

 

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = 100Efficiency

Q:

A contractor  undertook a project to complete it in 20 days which needed 5 workers to work continuously for all the days estimated. But before the start of the work the client wanted to complete it earlier than the scheduled time, so the contractor calculated that  he needed to increase 5 additional  men every 2 days to complete the work in the time the client wanted it:

If the work was further increased by 50% but the contractor continues to increase the 5 workers o every 2 days then how many more days are required over the initial time specified by the  client.

A) 1 day B) 2 days
C) 5 days D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 2 days

Explanation:

Total work = 100+50 = 150man-days

In 8 days 100 man-days work  has been completed. Now on 9th and 10th day there will be 25 workers. So in 2 days they wll complete additional 50 man- days work. Thus the work requires 2 more days.

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8 3404
Q:

There are three boats B1, B2 and B3 working together they carry 60 people in each trip. One day an early morning B1 carried 50 people in few trips alone. When it stopped carrying the passengers B2 and B3 started carrying the people together. It took a total of 10 trips to carry 300 people by B1, B2 and B3. It is known that each day on an average 300 people cross the river using only one of the 3 boats B1, B2 and B3. How many trips it would take to B1, to carry 150 passengers alone?

A) 15 B) 30
C) 25 D) 10
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 15

Explanation:

Combined efficiency of all the three boats = 60 passenger/trip 

 

Now, consider option(a)

 

15 trips and 150 passengers means efficiency  of B1 =  10 passenger/trip 

 

which means in carrying 50 passengers B1 must has taken 5 trips. So the rest trips equal to 5 (10-5 = 5) in which B2 and B3 together carried remaining 250 (300 - 50 = 250) Passengers.

 

Therefore the efficiency of B2 and B3 = 250/5 = 50 passenger/trip  

 

Since, the combined efficiency of B1, B2 and B3 is 60. Which is same as given in the first statement hence option(a) is correct.

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12 3305
Q:

A single reservoir supplies the petrol to the whole city, while the reservoir is fed by a single pipeline filling the reservoir with the stream of uniform volume. When the reservoir is full and if 40,000 liters of petrol is used daily, the suply fails in 90 days.If 32,000 liters of petrol is used daily, it fails in 60 days. How much petrol can be used daily with out the supply ever failing? 

A) 64000 liters B) 56000 liters
C) 78000 liters D) 60000 liters
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 56000 liters

Explanation:

Let x liter be the per day filling and v litr be the capacity of the reservoir, then 

      90x + v = 40000 * 90     -----(1)

      60x + v= 32000 * 60     ------(2)

solving eq.(1) and (2) , we get

      x = 56000

Hence , 56000 liters per day can be used without the failure of supply.

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5 3232
Q:

12 men complete a work in 9 days. After they have worked for 6 days, 4 more men join them. How many days will they take to complete the remaining work ?

A) 2 days B) 2.5 days
C) 2.25 days D) 3 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 2.25 days

Explanation:

1 man's 1 day work = 1/108
12 men's 6 day's work = 1/9 x 6 = 2/3

Remaining work = 1 - 2/3 = 1/3

16 men's 1 day work = 1/108 x 16 = 4/27
4/27 work is done by them in 1 day.

1/3 work is done by them in 27/4 x 1/3 = 9/4 days.

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5 3156
Q:

Kaushalya can do a work in 20 days, while kaikeyi can do the same work in 25 days. They started the work jointly.Few days later Sumitra also joined them and thus all of them completed the whole work in 10 days. All of them were paid total Rs.700. What is the Share of Sumitra?

A) Rs.130 B) Rs.185
C) Rs.70 D) can't be determined
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs.70

Explanation:

Efficiency of kaushalya = 5%

Efficiency of kaikeyi  = 4%

Thus, in 10 days working together they will complete only 90% of the work.

          [(5+4)*10] =90

Hence, the remaining work will surely done by sumitra, which is 10%.

Thus, sumitra will get 10% of Rs. 700, which is Rs.70

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2 3033
Q:

Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 hours and 1717 hours respectively. Harihar opened the pipes A and B to fill an empty tank and some times later he closed the taps A and B , when the tank was supposed to be full. After that it was found that the tank was emptied in 2.5 hours because an outlet pipe "C" connected to the tank was open from the beginning. If Harihar closed the pipe C instead of closing pipes A and B the remaining tank would have been filled in :

A) 2 hours B) 8 hours
C) 6 hours D) 4 hours
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 8 hours

Explanation:

Efficiency of Inlet pipe A = 4.16%       10024 

 

Efficiency of Inlet pipe B = 5.83%      1001717  

 

Therefore, Efficiency of A and B together = 100 %   

 

Now, if the efficiency of outlet pipe be x% then in 10 hours the capacity of tank which will be filled = 10 *  (10 - x)

 

Now, since this amount of water is being emptied by 'C' at x% per hour, then

 

 10x10-xx=2.5 hrs 

 => x = 8 

 

Therefore, in 10 hours 20% tank is filled only. Hence, the remaining 80% of the  capacity will be filled by pipes A and B  in 80/10 = 8 hours 

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17 2976
Q:

Twenty men can do a work in eighteen days. Eighteen women can complete the same work in fifteen days. What is the ratio between the capacity of a woman and a man ?

A) 4:5 B) 3:4
C) 4:3 D) 2:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 4:3

Explanation:

(20 x 18) men can complete the work in in one day.

one man's one day work = 1/360

(18 x 15) women can complete the work in 1 day

1 woman's one day work = 1/270

So, required ratio = 1270:1360= 4:3

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10 2856
Q:

A,B,C together can do a piece of work in 10 days.All the three started workingat it together and after 4 days,A left.Then,B and C together completed the work in 10 more days.In how many days can complete a work alone ?

A) 25 B) 24
C) 23 D) 21
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 25

Explanation:

(A+B+C) do 1 work in 10 days.

So (A+B+C)'s 1 day work=1/10 and as they work together for 4 days so workdone by them in 4 days=4/10=2/5


Remaining work=1-2/5=3/5

 

(B+C) take 10 more days to complete 3/5 work. So( B+C)'s 1 day work=3/50


Now A'S 1 day work=(A+B+C)'s 1 day work - (B+C)'s 1 day work=1/10-3/50=1/25

A does 1/25 work in in 1 day

Therefore 1 work in 25 days.

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