Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions


What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?


Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.


Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.


One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.


We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.


Q:

I.  Tanya is older than Eric.

II. Cliff is older than Tanya.

III.Eric is older than Cliff.

If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

A) true B) false
C) uncertain D) none
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) false

Explanation:

Because the first two statements are true, Eric is the youngest of the three, so the third statement must be false

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Q:

Should a total ban be put on traping wild animals?

Arguments:

1. Yes. Trappers are making a lot of money
2. No. Bans on hunting and trapping are not effective

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 or 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Neither 1 or 2 is true

Explanation:

Ban is necessary to protect our natural envoirnment .So none of the argument is strong enough

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11 2440
Q:

I.  Class A has a higher enrollment than Class B.

II. Class C has a lower enrollment than Class B.

III.Class A has a lower enrollment than Class C.

If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

A) true B) false
C) uncertain D) none
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) false

Explanation:

From the first two statements, we know that of the three classes, Class A has the highest enrollment, so the third statement must be false.

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6 1905
Q:

All windows are doors. No door is wall

Conclusions:

1. No window is wall

2. No Wall is door

A) Only 1 follows B) Only 2 follows
C) Either 1 or 2 follows D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative, the conclusion must be universal negative. Also, the conclusion should not contain the middle term. So, 1 follows.

 

However, 2 is the converse of the second premise and thus it also holds.

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17 1892
Q:

I.  All the offices on the 9th floor have wall-to-wall carpeting.

II. No wall-to-wall carpeting is pink.

III.None of the offices on the 9th floor has pink wall-to-wall carpeting.

If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

A) true B) false
C) uncertain D) none
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) true

Explanation:

If no wall-to-wall carpeting is pink and all the offices have wall-to-wall carpeting, none of the offices has pink wall-to-wall carpeting.

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