Cause and Effect Reasoning Questions

Q:

I. The vegetable prices in the local market have increases manifold during the past few days.

II. Incessant rains have created flood like situation in most rural parts of the State.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

The transportation gets effect due to the flood created by incessant rains in the most rural parts of State. Therefore, on account of this, it is possible to increase the vegetable prices in the local market.

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Q:

I. The Government has decided to hold a single entrance test for admission to all the medical colleges in India.

II. The State Government has debarred students from other States to apply for the seats in the medical colleges in the State.

A) The State Government has debarred students from other States to apply for the seats in the medical colleges in the State. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation:

Both the statements are effects of some common cause.

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Q:

I.  Importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

II. There is an increasing awareness about health in the society particularly among middle ages group of people.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

As the awareness about health in the society is increasing particularly among middle-aged group of people, the importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

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Q:

I. The university officers have decided to conduct last examination every year in March/April in order to announce the result at proper time.

II. In past the result was declared late by the University due to the lack of number of examiners.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

Since in the past the result was declared late by university, it has decided to conduct the examination in March/April in order to announce the result at proper time.

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Q:

A : Budgetery allocation for building a better railway network, eg constructing new railway lines, has increased

B : There has been a substantial drop in the number of passengers opting for air travel

A) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect B) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
C) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes D) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Both are the effects of a common cause. The Railways has gone in a reviving mode.

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