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Q:

In a village the average age of n people is 42 years. But after the verification it was found that the age of a person had been  considered 20 years less than the actual age, so the new average, after the correction,increased by 1. The value of n is :

A) 21 B) 20
C) 22 D) None of these

Answer:   B) 20



Explanation:

It is the same as a person with 20 years more age  replaces an existing person of the group ( or village)

Since the total age of the village having n persons, is being increased by 20 years and the average age of village is being increased by 1 year, hence there are total 20 people in the village.

 

Alternatively :  ( n x 42 ) + 20 = ( n x 43 )

                          => n=20

Q:

If the average height of boys in a hall is 180 cm and that of girls is 150 cm. If the average height of the gathering is 165 cm, then find the number of girls present in the hall if the number of boys present in the hall are 78 ?

A) 56 B) 64
C) 87 D) 78
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 78

Explanation:

Using Trial and error method,

we get the number of girls in the hall = 78

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10 188
Q:

The average age of 7 boys is increased by 1 year when one of tem whose age is replaced by a girl. What is the age of the girl ?

A) 33 yrs B) 27 yrs
C) 21 yrs D) 29 yrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 29 yrs

Explanation:

Let the avg age of 7 boys be 'p' years
Let the age of the girl be 'q' years
From given data,
The age of 7 boys = 7p years
Now the new average = (p + 1) when 22 yrs is replaced by q
Now the age of all 7 will become = 7(p + 1) yrs
Hence, 7p - 22 + q = 7(p + 1) yrs
7p - 22 + q = 7p + 7
q = 22 + 7 = 29

Therefore, the age of girl = q = 29 years.

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8 511
Q:

In a mixture of three varities of oils , the ratio of their weight is 4 : 5 : 8. If 5 kg of oils of the first variety, 10 kg of the second variety and some quantity of oils of the third variety are added to the mixture, the ratio of the weights of three varieties of oils becomes as 5 : 7 : 9 in the final mixture, find the quantity of third variety of oil was ? 

A) 15 kg B) 25 kg
C) 35 kg D) 45 kg
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 45 kg

Explanation:

Let the ratio of initial quantity of oils be 'x' => 4x, 5x & 8x.
Let k be the quantity of third variety of oil in the final mixture.
Let the ratio of initial quantity of oils be 'y'
From given details,
4x + 5 = 5y ..... (1)
5x + 10 = 7y .....(2)
8x + k = 9y ......(3)

By solving (1) & (2), we get
x = 5 & y = 5

From (3) => k = 5

Therefore, quantity of third variety of oil was 9y = 9(5) = 45kg.

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8 426
Q:

The average of marks in 3 subjects is 224. The first subject marks is twice the second and the second subject marks is twice the third. Find the second subject marks ?

A) 384 B) 96
C) 192 D) 206
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 192

Explanation:

Let the third subject marks be 'x'
=> Second subject marks = 2x
=> Third subject marks = 4x
Given avg = 224
x + 2x + 4x = 224 x 3
=> 7x = 224 x 3
=> x = 96
Hence, Second subject marks = 2x = 2 x 96 = 192.

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7 534
Q:

It costs Rs. p each to send the first thousand messsages and Rs. q to send each subsequent one . If r is greater than 1,000, how many Rupees will it cost to send r messages ?

A) 1000 (r - p) + pq B) 1000 p + qr
C) 1000 (r - q) + pr D) 1000(p - q) + qr
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 1000(p - q) + qr

Explanation:

We need to find the total cost to send r messsages, r > 1000.

The first 1000 messsages will cost Rs.p each (Or) 

The total cost of first 1000 messsages = Rs.1000p

The remaining (r - 1000) messsages will cost Rs.q each (Or)

The cost of the (r - 1000) = Rs.(r - 1000)y

 

Therefore, total cost = 1000p + rq - 1000q

= 1000(p - q) + qr

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