|A) 21||B) 20|
|C) 22||D) None of these|
It is the same as a person with 20 years more age replaces an existing person of the group ( or village)
Since the total age of the village having n persons, is being increased by 20 years and the average age of village is being increased by 1 year, hence there are total 20 people in the village.
Alternatively : ( n x 42 ) + 20 = ( n x 43 )