3
Q:

The leaves used as wrappers for bides are obtained from which one of the following ?

A) Shikakai B) Rudraksha
C) Tendu D) Lemon grass

Answer:   C) Tendu



Explanation:
Subject: Biology
Q:

Oxygen in our blood is transported by a protein named

A) keratin B) myoglobi
C) collagen D) haemoglobin
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) haemoglobin

Explanation:

Oxygen in our blood is transported by a protein named Haemoglobin.

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2 19
Q:

Movement of cell against concentration gradient is called

A) active transport B) diffusion
C) osmosis D) passive transport
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) active transport

Explanation:

The only transport method that can move species against their concentration gradient i.e, from low to high concentration is called Active transport.

 

Facilitated diffusion only moves species down their concentration gradient i.e, from high to low concentration.

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0 23
Q:

Name the two main types of Fermentation?

Answer

Fermentation is the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of heat.


 


The two most common types of fermentation are


(1) alcoholic fermentation (and) 


(2) lactic acid fermentation.


 


(1) Alcoholic fermentation : the type of fermentation in which ethyl alcohol is the main end product .This is very common in yeast (unicellular fungus) and also seen in some bacteria. Yeast cells release enzymes called zymase complex which bring about the fermentation. The reactions are similar to anaerobic respiration.


 


(2) Lactic acid fermentation : The type of fermentation in which lactic acid is the end product.


It is carried out by some bacteria (e.g. lactic acid bacteria), and also by animals (muscle glycolysis in animals, under oxygen deficiency, results in the formation of lactic acid this is whay we experience in muscle cramps, or "Charley horse").

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0 16
Q:

Translation of the dna sequence AAGCTGGGA would result in

A) a DNA strand with the base sequence TTCGACCCT B) an mRNA strand with the sequence TTCGACCCT
C) a sequence of three amino acids linked by peptide bonds D) an mRNA strand with the sequence UUGCACCCU
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) a DNA strand with the base sequence TTCGACCCT

Explanation:

Translation of the dna sequence AAGCTGGGA would result in a DNA strand with the base sequence TTCGACCCT.

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0 17
Q:

What part of the body controls balance?

A) Cerebrum B) Cerebellum
C) Medulla oblangata D) Amygdala
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Cerebellum

Explanation:

The cerebellum is a small part of the brain positioned at the back of the head, where it meets the spine, which acts as the body's movement and balance control centre.

 

Basic-brain-anatomy1524025969.jpg image

 

It's a lot smaller than the cerebrum at only 1/8 of its size. But it's a very important part of the brain.

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0 39
Q:

Amino acids can be distinguished from one another by

A) type of bond between the R group and the rest of the molecule B) the number of R groups found on the amino acid molecules
C) the chemical properties of their R groups D) the chemical properties of the amino and carboxyl groups
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) the chemical properties of their R groups

Explanation:

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

 

Depending on the nature of the side chain groups, three classes of aminoacids can e distinguished:

1. Amino acids with H ond donor and acceptor groups.

Histidine, lysine, aspartic acid, threonine,...

2. Amino acids with donor grups only.

Arginine, tryptophan and cysteine.

3. Amino acids with acceptor groups only.

Asparagine and glutamine.

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0 15
Q:

Which stage of cellular respiration produces the most ATP?

A) Glycolysis B) Kreb's cycle
C) Electron transport chain D) All the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Electron transport chain

Explanation:

There are 3 stages in cellular respiration. They are:

1. Glycolysis

2. Kreb's cycle

3. Electron transport chain

 

Here, Glycolysis produces only 2 ATP whereas Kreb's cycle produces no ATP. Electron transport chain of the cellular respiration produces the maximum ATP.

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0 43
Q:

A polygenic trait is controlled by 3 genes A, B and C. In a cross AaBbCc x AaBbCc, the phenotypic ratio of the offsprings was observed as 1 : 6 : m : 20 : m : 6 : 1. What is the value of m?

A) 10 B) 15
C) 18 D) 24
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 15

Explanation:

Here crossing is AaBbCc x AaBbCc

As it is trihybrid cross,

we know, Number of zygotes formed = 4n, where n = 3

43 = 64

Given ratio of offsprings = 1 : 6 : m : 20 : m : 6 : 1

Now,  1 + 6 + m + 20 + m + 6 + 1 = 64

34 + 2m = 64

2m = 30

=> m = 15.

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