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Q:

One method by which the components of air can be seperated is 

A) shaking with caustic soda solution B) shaking with water
C) fractional distillation of liquid air D) passing air over heated magnesium

Answer:   C) fractional distillation of liquid air



Explanation:

The two main components of air are nitrogen and oxygen. They are seperated by the fractional distillation of liquid air. Liquefied air contains liquid nitrogen and liquid oxygen. Liquid nitrogen with the lower boiling point more readily evaporates than the less volatile liquid oxygen. 

Subject: Chemistry
Q:

Oxidation Number of 'S' in H2SO4?

A) +6 B) +2
C) -6 D) -2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) +6

Explanation:

In H2SO4,

Hydrogen has a charge of +2, with each hydrogen has +1.

Oxygen has  a charge of -8, with each oxugen has -2.

Total charge = (2 - 8) = -6

Therefore, the Oxidation number of Sulphur S is '+6' because to make the compound stable.

 

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1 17
Q:

Which of the following describes the process of glycolysis?

A) It represents the first stage in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell. B) Breakdown of Glucose
C) Converts Glucose to Pyruvate D) All the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) All the above

Explanation:

Glycolysis is the chemical process that converts glucose C₆H₁₂O₆, into Pyruvate, CH₃COCOO− + H⁺.

 

      • The free energy released in this process is used to form the high-energy molecules ATP and NADH.
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Q:

Which of the following chemical compounds has the highest boiling point?

A) Dimethyl ether (CH3OCH3) B) Methanol (CH3OH)
C) Methane (CH4) D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Methanol (CH3OH)

Explanation:

Chemical Compounds with stronger intermolecular forces have higher boiling points.

 

The order of strengths of intermolecular forces is:

 London dispersion < dipole-dipole < H-bonding

 

Methane (CH4) — London dispersion forces

Dimethyl ether (CH3OCH3) — dipole-dipole attractions

Methanol (CH3OH) — hydrogen bonding

Therefore, Methanol - CH3OH with H-Bonding have highest Boiling Point among the given chemical compounds.

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Q:

Which of the following is the strongest acid?

A) ClCH2COOH B) BrCH2COOH
C) FCH2COOH D) ICH2COOH
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) FCH2COOH

Explanation:

FCH2COOH is the strongest acid out of all .Since the electron withdrawing inductive effect (-I effect) of the halogens decreases in the order

 

F>Cl> Br> I , therefore the acidic strength of the α- halo acids decreases in the same order.

 

FCH2COOH  >  ClCH2COOH   >   BrCH2COOH   >   ICH2COOH.

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Q:

How many Covalent Bonds can Nitrogen form

A) 2 B) 3
C) 4 D) 1
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 3

Explanation:

Nitrogen (N2) forms Three Covalent Bonds to become stable.

 

Here the Atmomic Number of Nitrogen is 7. Because there are 2 electrons in the first orbital and 5 in the second and you still have space for 3 more. So it shares, 3 to get the stable octet. Therefore, there are 3 covalent bonds in N2.

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Q:

The Most Abundant Rare Gas in the Atmosphere is

A) Xe B) He
C) Ne D) Ar
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Ar

Explanation:

Argon is most the most abundant Rare Gas in the atmosphere. Its elemental symbol is Ar. 

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4 102
Q:

What are long chains of Carbon Molecules called

A) Ribosomes B) Hydrocarbons
C) Polymers D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Polymers

Explanation:

A small organic molecule (sugars or amino acids), several of which may be bonded together to form a chain called a polymer.

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Q:

Which of the following metal is generally used for making filaments of bulb?

A) W B) Ag
C) Fe D) Rh
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) W

Explanation:

W is the symbol for chemical element Tungsten or Wolfram.

It is used in making filaments of bulbs.

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