4
Q:

'Pencillin' which is used as an antibiotic is obtained from 

A) Bacteria B) Fungi
C) Algae D) Lichens

Answer:   B) Fungi



Explanation:
Subject: General Science
Q:

The Study of Universe is called

A) Universology B) Cosmetology
C) Petology D) Cosmology
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Cosmology

Explanation:

Cosmology is the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole. It endeavors to use the scientific method to understand the origin, evolution and ultimate fate of the entire Universe.

Depending on the outcome of the observations, the theories will need to be abandoned, revised or extended to accommodate the data. The prevailing theory about the origin and evolution of our Universe is the so-called Big Bang theory.

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Q:

What is common between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration?

A) Krebs cycle B) Glycolysis
C) Electron transport chain D) All the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Glycolysis

Explanation:

Glycolysis is common between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration.

 

Cellular respiration is the process by which glucose is broken down to form ATP molecules, which act as carriers of cellular energy. The first phase is called glycolysis and is common to both aerobic (respiration in the presence of oxygen) and anaerobic (respiration in the absence of oxygen) respiration.

 

During glycolysis, glucose is split to forms two pyruvate molecules and 2 molecules of ATP. This occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.

 

If oxygen in present, the pyruvate molecules will be used in the Krebs cycle, to yield more ATP molecules. If oxygen is absent, the pyruvate is converted into lactic acid, or ethanol and carbon dioxide, in animals or plants, respectively. 

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1 42
Q:

How many cups in a quart?

A) 2 B) 3
C) 4 D) 1
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 4

Explanation:

1 quart = 4 cups.

=> We know that 1 quart = 2 pints

But 1 pint = 2 cups

=> 2 pints = 2 x 2 cups = 4 cups = 1 quart.

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2 106
Q:

Lichens are the best indicator of

A) Air pollution B) Sound pollution
C) Noise pollution D) Water pollution
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Air pollution

Explanation:

1. Lichens are plants that grow in exposed places such as rocks or tree bark.

 

2.  Lichens are widely used as environmental indicators or bio-indicators. They can be used as air pollution indicators, especially of the concentration of sulfur-di-oxide in the atmosphere.  

 

3. They need to be very good at absorbing water and nutrients to grow there.

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Q:

What is Iron Ore used for?

A) Aluminium B) Copper
C) Steel D) Brass
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Steel

Explanation:

The primary use of iron ore is in the production of iron. Most of the iron produced is then used to make steel. Steel is used to make automobiles, locomotives, ships, beams used in buildings, furniture, paper clips, tools, reinforcing rods for concrete, bicycles, and thousands of other items.

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3 91
Q:

Which of the following is not an intensive property?

A) Weight B) Density
C) Refractive index D) Melting point
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Weight

Explanation:

An intensive property is a physical quantity whose value does not depend on the amount of the substance for which it is measured. For example, the temperature of a system in thermal equilibrium is the same as the temperature of any part of it. If the system is divided the temperature of each subsystem is identical. The same applies to the density of a homogeneous system, if the system is divided in half, the mass and the volume change in the identical ratio and the density remains unchanged. Additionally, the boiling point of a substance is another example of an intensive property. For example, the boiling point for water is 100 °C at a pressure of one atmosphere, a fact which remains true regardless of quantity.

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5 127
Q:

Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?

A) Troposphere B) Stratosphere
C) Thermosphere D) Mesosphere
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Stratosphere

Explanation:

The ozone layer is a region of Earth's Stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It contains high concentrations of ozone (O3) in relation to other parts of the atmosphere, although still small in relation to other gases in the stratosphere.

 

The Atmosphere is divided into 4 layers according to major changes in temperature. They are :

1. Troposphere,

2. Stratosphere,

3. Mesosphere  and

4. Thermosphere.

The farther away from earth, the thinner the atmosphere gets.

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6 126
Q:

Eugenics is the study of

A) impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally B) different races of mankind
C) genetic of plants D) people of European origin
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally

Explanation:

Eugenics is the study of altering human beings by changing their genetic components.

 

It is the study of the agencies under social control that may improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally.

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2 69