The United States government has 3 branches, which all serve an important role in running the government and keeping our system of laws in place.
1. The legislative branch
2. The executive branch
3. The judicial branch
The legislative branch makes the laws while the executive branch enforces these laws.
The judicial branch is a system of courts that applies the laws.
Both the federal government and each of the 5 states have individual judicial branches which all serve this purpose.
For example ::
If the federal government were like a basketball game, the judicial branch is much like the referee that helps settle disputes. The executive branch and the legislative branch are often like the players in the game trying to score points against each other, and the judicial branch is there to clarify the rules and make sure each side is acting fairly.