38
Q:

When a bottle of perfume is opened in one corner of a room the smell spreads soon throughout the room. This is an example of

A) surface tension B) capillarity
C) viscosity D) diffusion

Answer:   D) diffusion



Explanation:

Diffusion is the spreading  - mixing of gases through molecular motion.

Subject: Physics
Q:

Is Air a Mixture?

A) TRUE B) FALSE
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) TRUE

Explanation:

True, Air is a Mixture.


Air is considered as mixture for the following reasons ;


1. Air can be separated into its components like N2, O2 , Argon and CO2 by the process of fractional distillation of liquid air.


2. Air shows the properties of all the gases present in the atmosphere.
For example : Oxygen is good Supporter of combustion. Hence air also is good supporter of combustion.


3. Air does not have a fixed formula.


4. Air has a variable composition because air at different places contains different amount of gases.


5. Heat or Light energy is neither absorbed nor released when air is prepared physical by mixing required amount of gases .


6. Mixture does have fixed boiling Point. It holds good in case of liquid air.

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0 21
Q:

Which of the following is a Heterogeneous Mixture?

A) Air B) Table salt
C) Soda D) Brass
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Soda

Explanation:

Here Soda is a Heterogenous Mixture.

 

A Heterogeneous Mixture is a mixture having a non-uniform composition i.e, the mixture contains components in different phases. Using various means, the parts in the mixture can be separated from one another.

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5 50
Q:

A Step-Up Transformer Increases

A) Power B) Current
C) Frequency D) Voltage
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Voltage

Explanation:

A transformer that increases voltage from primary to secondary (more secondary winding turns than primary winding turns) is called a Step-Up Transformer.

Conversely, a transformer designed to do just the opposite is called a Step-Down Transformer. 

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4 28
Q:

Friction can be reduced by changing from

A) Static to Dynamic B) Rolling to Sliding
C) Dynamic to Static D) Sliding to Rolling
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Sliding to Rolling

Explanation:

Any object rolls when there is no friction. So, Sliding to Rolling is correct.

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7 83
Q:

Fog is an example of a

A) liquid dispersed in gas B) solid dispersed in liquid
C) liquid dispersed in solid D) gas dispersed in liquid
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) liquid dispersed in gas

Explanation:

Fog is an example of a colloidal system liquid dispersed in gas.

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5 133
Q:

At what temperature (in Fahrenheit) pure water freezes?

A) 0 B) 17
C) 32 D) 39
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 32

Explanation:

32oFWe know that T(°F) = T(°C) × 1.8 + 3232(°F) = 0(°C)

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7 110
Q:

1 Joule is Equal to

A) 10^3 ergs B) 10^6 ergs
C) 10^7 ergs D) 10^5 ergs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 10^7 ergs

Explanation:

1 Joule107 ergs = 0.000239 Kilo Calories.

      • Joule is the Unit of Energy.

Joule is equal to Energy transferred to an object when a force of One Newton acts on that object in the direction of its motion through a distance of one metre.(1 N-m)

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4 214
Q:

What is the difference between Thermal Energy and Heat Energy?

Answer

Energy tranfer takes place either by means of Heat or Work only in Thermodynamics.


Heat :: Heat Energy is defined as Energy that can be transferred due to temperature change.


Whereas


Thermal Energy :: Thermal Energy is the Internal Energy stored in the system maintained at a certain Temperature.

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6 223