140
Q:

A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:

A) No profit, no loss B) 5%
C) 8% D) 10%

Answer:   B) 5%



Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

Gain ={\color{Black} \left ( \frac{80}{1600} \times 100\right ) }% = 5%

Q:

If the labour cost 20% of the cost of production and raw material cost 10% of the cost of production and the price on which article is sold is 20% above the cost of production. If the price of labour is increased by 40% and the price of raw material increased by 20% and rest other expenditure of cost remain constant. The industry thus decide to increase the selling price by 10%. Find the new profit percent  ?

A) 18% B) 20%
C) 22% D) 24%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 20%

Explanation:

Let the Cost of Production of the article = 100

Then, Labour Cost = 20

Raw Material = 10

Other Expenditure = 100 - 10 – 20 = 70

Selling Price of the article  = 120

After increasing Labour and Raw material cost by 40% & 20% respectively,

New Labour cost = 28

New Raw material cost = 12

New Cost of Production = 70 + 28 + 12 = 110

Then, New SP = 110% of 120 = 120 x 110/100 = 132

=> New Gain = 132 - 110 = 22

=> New Profit % = 22 x 100/110 = 20%

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7 71
Q:

A man purchases two articles, on selling one at loss of 20% while the other at a profit of 25%, he gains the overall profit of 5% than find the ratio of their selling price ?

A) 8 : 62.5 B) 55 : 8
C) 8 : 65 D) 64.4 : 9
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 8 : 62.5

Explanation:

                      Article I                   Article II
                         -20                         25%
                                        5%
                         20%                       25%
                     

                          4              :              5

Now, Selling of first article = (4-20%) = 0.8

Selling of second article = (5+25%) =  6.25

Therefore the ratio of selling price = 8 : 62.5

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11 175
Q:

Uma sold an article for 3400 and got a profit of 25%. If he had sold the article for Rs. 3265. How much profit% would Uma have got ?

A) 22% B) 27%
C) 20% D) 18%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 20%

Explanation:

Given

      125% ---- 3400

=> 100% ---- ?

=> ? = 3400x100/125 = 2720

=> Cost price of the article = Rs. 2720

Profit when article sold at Rs. 3265 = 3265 - 2720 = 545

Hence, Profit% = Gain x 100/cost price

=> P% = 545 x 100/2720

=> P% = 20%

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9 115
Q:

On selling 17 balls at Rs.720 there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls. Then what is the cost price of a ball is ?

Answer

From given data,


(C.P. of 17 balls) - (S.P. of 17 balls) = (C.P. of 5 balls)


C.P. of 12 balls = S.P. of 17 balls = Rs.720.


Hence, C.P. of 1 ball = Rs.720/12 = Rs. 60.

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6 259
Q:

Watson bought a book for Rs. 240 and sold to Johny at a profit  of 50%. Johny wants to sell this book to Shekar so that he earns a profit of 25%. But Shekar is adamant at buying this book at a discount of 10%. What marked price should Johny quote to Shekar so as to achieve desired profit ?

A) Rs. 450 B) Rs. 360
C) Rs. 415 D) Rs. 500
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 500

Explanation:

Watson bought the book for Rs. 240 and sold to Johny at a profit of 50%.

S.P = C.P(1 + P%/100)

=> S.P for Watson = C.P for Johny = 240(1 + 50/100) = 240 x 1.5 = Rs. 360

Let Johny quoted the marked price of the book as Rs. M

We know, SP = M.P(1 - Discount(%)/100)

Here discount = 10% to Shekar,

S.P for Johny = M(1 - 10/100) = 0.9M

But Johny want to earn 25% profit,

=> S.P = C.P(1 + P%/100)

=> 0.9M = 360(1 + 25/100)

=> M = (360x1.25)/0.9

=> M = Rs. 500

Therefore, Johny should quote Rs. 500 as the marked price of the book to get 25% profit and allowing 10% discount to Shekar.

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