A) Rs. 34,410 | B) Rs. 31,184 |

C) Rs. 29,999 | D) Rs. 32,292 |

Explanation:

Almond Selling price = CP(1 + P%/100)

=> CP = 20000, SP = 23000

=> 23000 = 20000 (1 + P/100)

=> P% = 100(23000/20000 - 1) = 15

Then, Olive's P% = 30%

SP for Olive = CP for Sarah = 23000(1 + 30/100) = 29900

Now Sarah wants to earn profit of 8%

=> Sp for Sarah = 29900(1 + 8/100)

= Rs. 32,292.

A) 18% | B) 20% |

C) 22% | D) 24% |

Explanation:

Let the Cost of Production of the article = 100

Then, Labour Cost = 20

Raw Material = 10

Other Expenditure = 100 - 10 – 20 = 70

Selling Price of the article = 120

After increasing Labour and Raw material cost by 40% & 20% respectively,

New Labour cost = 28

New Raw material cost = 12

New Cost of Production = 70 + 28 + 12 = 110

Then, New SP = 110% of 120 = 120 x 110/100 = 132

=> New Gain = 132 - 110 = 22

=> New Profit % = 22 x 100/110 = 20%

A) 8 : 62.5 | B) 55 : 8 |

C) 8 : 65 | D) 64.4 : 9 |

Explanation:

Article I Article II

-20 25%

5%

20% 25%

4 : 5

Now, Selling of first article = (4-20%) = 0.8

Selling of second article = (5+25%) = 6.25

Therefore the ratio of selling price = 8 : 62.5

A) 22% | B) 27% |

C) 20% | D) 18% |

Explanation:

Given

125% ---- 3400

=> 100% ---- ?

=> ? = 3400x100/125 = 2720

=> Cost price of the article = Rs. 2720

Profit when article sold at Rs. 3265 = 3265 - 2720 = 545

Hence, Profit% = Gain x 100/cost price

=> P% = 545 x 100/2720

=> P% = 20%