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Q:

Pooja, Shipra and Mounika are three sisters .Pooja and Shipra are twins. The ratio of sum of the ages of Pooja and Shipra is same as that of Mounika alone. Three years earlier the ratio of age of  Pooja and Mounika was 2:7 . what will be the age of Shipra 3 years hence?

A) 21 years B) 16 years
C) 8 years D) 12 years

Answer:   C) 8 years

Explanation:

Since Pooja and Shipra are twins so their ages be same. Let their ages be x and age of Mounika be y , then

           x+x = y    -------(1)

 and   \inline \fn_jvn \frac{(x-3)}{(y-3)}=\frac{2}{7} \: \: \Rightarrow 7x-2y=15

Now, from  equation (1), 

        7x - 4x = 15  \inline \fn_jvn \Rightarrow  x = 5

So the age of Shipra 3 years hence will be 5+3 = 8 years

Q:

The wages of labourers in a factory increases in the ratio 22:25 and there was a reduction in the number of labourers in the ratio 15:11. Find the original wage bill if the present bill is Rs. 5000 ?

A) Rs. 5500 B) Rs. 6000
C) Rs. 6200 D) Rs. 6350
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 6000

Explanation:

The wages of labourers in a factory increases in the ratio 22:25 and there was a reduction in the number of labourers in the ratio 15:11. Find the original wage bill if the present bill is Rs 5000 ?
Ratio of increase of wages = 22:25
Ratio of decrease of labourers = 15:11
Compound ratio of wages of labourers = 22 x 15 : 25 x 11 = 330:275
Final bill = Rs. 5000
For 275 ratio wages = Rs. 5000
For 1 ratio wages = 5000/275
For 330 ratio wages = 5000/275 x 330 = Rs. 6000

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1 17
Q:

Two solutions have milk & water in the ratio 7:5 and 6:11. Find the proportion in which these two solutions should Be mixed so that the resulting solution has 1 part milk and 2 parts water ?

A) 7 : 12 B) 8 : 13
C) 9 : 4 D) 2 : 5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 8 : 13

Explanation:

To get the solution that contains 1 part of milk and two parts of water,
they must be mixed in the ratio as
7x+6x/5y+11y = 1/2
26x = 16y
x/y = 16/26
x/y = 8/13

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1 64
Q:

A wheel that has 6 cogs is meshed with a larger wheel of 14 cogs. When the smaller wheel has made 21 revolutions, then the number of revolutions made by the larger wheel is ?

A) 11 B) 7
C) 9 D) 13
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9

Explanation:

Here the number of cogs is inveresly proportional to number of revolutions

=> More cogs less revolution
=> 6 : 14 :: x : 21
=> (21x6)/14 = 9

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1 84
Q:

At a game of billiards, A can give B 20 points in 60 and A can give C  15 points in 60. How many points can C give B in a game of 90 ?

A) 9 points B) 10 points
C) 11 points D) 8 points
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 10 points

Explanation:

a:b = 60:40
a:c = 60:45
c/a x a/b = 45/60 x 60/40 = 45/40 = 90/80
So C gives B => 10 points.

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2 113
Q:

Total number of students in 3 classes of a school is 333 . The number of students in class 1 and 2 are in 3:5 ratio and 2 and 3 class are 7:11 ratio . What is the strength of class that has highest number of students ?

A) 125 B) 155
C) 135 D) 165
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 165

Explanation:

Ratio C1:C2 = 3:5 and C2:C3 = 7:11
So C1:C2:C3 = 21 : 35 : 55
Let the strength of three classes are 21x, 35x and 55x respectively, then
Given that 21x + 35x + 55x = 333
=> 111x = 333 or x=3
So strength of the class with highest number of students =55x = 55x3 = 165.

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2 106