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Q:

The Government has decided not to provide financial support to voluntary organisations from next Five Year Plan and has communicated that all such organisations should raise funds to meet their financial needs.

 

Courses of Action:

I. Voluntary organisations should collaborate with foreign agencies.

II. They should explore other sources of financial support.

A) Only I follows B) Only II follows
C) Neither I nor II follows D) Both I and II follow

Answer:   B) Only II follows

Explanation:

The problem arising is shortage of funds. So, alternative sources of financial support need to be worked out first. Thus, only course II follows.

Q:

Statement: Huge amount of resources are required to develop tourist places in a country like India, which is endowed with vast coastlines, rivers, forests, temples etc.
Courses of action:
a. More tourist resorts along the coastlines only should be started.
b. The tourist potential of India should be exploited.

A) Only b follows B) Only a follows
C) Both a & b follows D) Neither a nor b follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only b follows

Explanation:

As in the given statement, India is already endowed with tourist spots. Therefore, the existing potential should be exploited.

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Q:

Statement: The air and rail services have been severely disrupted due to thick fog in the northern part of the country.
Courses of action:
a. The rail and air services should be temporarily suspended in the region.
b. People should be advised to make their travel plan keeping in mind the probable disruption resulting in delay or cancellation of services.
c. The government should immediately install modern machines which will enable itto guide the rail and air services even if the thick fog develops.

A) Only a follows B) a and b follows
C) Only b follows D) a, b & c follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) a, b & c follows

Explanation:

Keeping in mind the safety and convenience of passengers, both 'a' and 'b' follow. 'c' clearly suggests a remedy to the problem and hence it also follows.

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Q:

Cell phone users have found that tariff plans are not as attractive as promoted by telecom companies and complained to regulatory authority about the same.

 

Courses of action:

I. The regulatory authority should direct telecom companies to be trasparent on the tariff structure of all plans

II. The government should restrict the number of telecom companies operating in the country.

A) If only course of action I follows B) If only course of action II follows
C) If either course of action I or II follows D) If both courses of action I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only course of action I follows

Explanation:

Being " not as attractive as promoted " is a clear case of  hiding things. Hence " transparency " is the answer to the problem and I folloes. II goes against the spirit of free market and is not relevant to the problem either.

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1 392
Q:

Indigenous tribes living near Amazon forests are cutting down trees to cover their basic needs , thus severely affecting the ecological balance in the area.

 

Courses of action:

I. All the tribes living near the Amazon rain forests Should be forced to shift to urban areas of the country.

II. The tribes should be allowed to continue doing so as they cut down trees for their basic needs and not for commercial purposes.

A) If only course of action I follows B) If only course of action II follows
C) If either course of action I or II follows D) If both courses of action I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) If both courses of action I and II follow

Explanation:

I is simply absurd. But even II is not the solution.

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Q:

Water table in most parts of the State has gone down to such a level that its extraction for irrigation purposes is not economical any more.

 

Courses of action:

I. Extraction of ground water for any purpose in the State should be banned for some time in order to replenish the water table.

II. The Government should make provisions for alternative methods of irrigation so that the farmers are not compelled to use ground water.

A) If only course of action I follows B) If only course of action II follows
C) If either course of action I or II follows D) If both courses of action I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only course of action II follows

Explanation:

I is impractical. Water is essential for life to go on. II is sensible, especially when using ground water is proving to be uneconomical

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