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Q:

Two trains A and B start simultaneously in the opposite direction from two points P and Q and arrive at their destinations 16 and 9 hours respectively after their meeting each other. At what speed does the second train B travel if the first train travels at 120 km/h

A) 90 km/h B) 160 km/h
C) 67.5 km/h D) None of these

Answer:   B) 160 km/h

Explanation:

Q:

A boatman can row 96 km downstream in 8 hr. If the speed of the current is 4 km/hr, then find in what time he will be able to cover 8 km upstream ?

A) 1.5 hrs B) 1 hrs
C) 2.5 hrs D) 2 hrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 2 hrs

Explanation:

Speed in downstream = 96/8 = 12 kmph

Speed of current = 4 km/hr

Speed of the boatman in still water = 12 – 4 = 8 kmph

Speed in upstream = 8 – 4 = 4 kmph

Time taken to cover 8 km upstream = 8/4 = 2 hours.

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Q:

A boat takes 19 hours for travelling downstream from point A to point B and coming back to a point C which is at midway between A and B. If the velocity of the stream is 4 kmph and the speed of the boat in still water is 14 kmph, what is the distance between A and B ? 

A) 180 km B) 160 km
C) 140 km D) 120 km
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 180 km

Explanation:

Speed in downstream = (14 + 4) km/hr = 18 km/hr;

Speed in upstream = (14 – 4) km/hr = 10 km/hr.

Let the distance between A and B be x km. Then,

x/18 + (x/2)/10 = 19 ⇔ x/18 + x/20 = 19 ⇒ x = 180 km.

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Q:

A boatman can row 3 km against the stream in 20 minutes and return in 18 minutes. Find the rate of current ?

A) 1/3 kmph B) 2/3 kmph
C) 1/4 kmph D) 1/2 kmph
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 1/2 kmph

Explanation:

Speed in upstream = Distance / Time = 3 x 60/20 = 9 km/hr.

Speed in downstream = 3 x 60/18 = 10 km/hr

Rate of current = (10-9)/2 = 1/2 km/hr.

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Q:

A person takes 20 minutes more to cover a certain distance by decreasing his speed by 20%. What is the time taken to cover the distance at his original speed ?

A) 1hr B) 1 hr 20 min
C) 1 hr 10 min D) 50 min
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1 hr 20 min

Explanation:

Let the distance and original speed be 'd' km and 'k' kmph respectively.

d/0.8k - d/k = 20/60 => 5d/4k - d/k = 1/3

=> (5d - 4d)/4k = 1/3 => d = 4/3 k

Time taken to cover the distance at original speed

= d/k = 4/3 hours = 1 hour 20 minutes.

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Q:

Two men A and B start from place X walking at 4 ½ kmph and 5 ¾ kmph respectively. How many km apart they are at the end of 3 ½ hours if they are walking in the same direction ?

A) 2 9/7 km B) 3 7/5 km
C) 1 3/4 km D) 4 3/8 km
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 4 3/8 km

Explanation:

Relative Speed = 5 ¾ - 4 ½ = 1 ¼

Time = 3 ½ h.

Distance = 5/4 x 7/2 = 35/8 = 4 3/8 km.

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