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Q:

 In a hostel, there was food for 1000 students for one month. After 10 days, 1000 more students joined the hostel. How long would the students be able to carry on with the remaining food?

A) 10 days B) 15 days
C) 20 days D) 5 days

Answer:   A) 10 days

Explanation:

After 10 days, the remaining food would be sufficient for the 1000 students for 20 more days
 If 1000 more students are added, it shall be sufficient for only 10 days (as the no. of students is doubled, the days are halved).

Q:

Sixty men can stitch 150 shirts in 30 days working 8 hours a day. In how many days can 35 men stitch 200 shirts working 6 hours a day ?

A) 87.5 B) 89
C) 91.5 D) 93.5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 91.5

Explanation:

We have M1 D1 H1 / W1 = M2 D2 H2 / W2 (Variation rule)
(60 x 30 x 8)/ 150 = (35 x D2 x 6) / 200
D2 = (60 x 30 x 8 x 200) / (150 x 35 x 6) => D2 = 91.42 days =~ 91.5 days.

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Q:

A can complete a piece of work in 12 days and B is 60% more efficient than A. In how many days B will complete the same work  ?

A) 8.7 hrs B) 5.2 hrs
C) 5 hrs D) 7.5 hrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7.5 hrs

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 160 : 100
A can do the work in 12 days
Let B can do the work in "D" days
=> 160:100 = 12 : D
=> D = 12 x 100/160 = 7.5 hrs

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Q:

A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in half the time taken by A. then, working together, what part of the same work they can finish in a day ?

A) Total work B) One-fourth work
C) Half work D) Two-third work
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Half work

Explanation:

A can do the work = 18 days
B can do the work = 18/2 = 9 days
(A + B)'s 1 day work = 1/18 + 1/9 = 1/6
=> In 3 days = 3x1/6 = 1/2 work is completed.

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Q:

10 boys can complete a work in 7 days and 10 girls take 14 days to complete the work. How many days will 5 boys and 10 girls take to complete the work ?

A) 13 days B) 10 days
C) 7 days D) 16 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 7 days

Explanation:

1 boy's 1 day work = 1/70
1 girl's 1 day work = 1/140
(5 boys + 10 girls)'s 1 day work
= (5/70 + 10/140) = (1/14 + 1/14) = 1/7

5 boys and 10 girls will complete the work in 7 days.

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Q:

A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days  ?

A) 9 days B) 11 days
C) 13 days D) 15 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 13 days

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 100 : 130 = 10 : 13.
Suppose B takes x days to do the work.

Then, 10 : 13 :: 23 : x     =>     x = ( 23 x 13/10 )     =>     x = 299 /10.

A's 1 day's work = 1/23 ;
B's 1 day's work = 10/299 .

(A + B)'s 1 day's work = ( 1/23 + 10/299 ) = 23/299 = 113 .

Therefore, A and B together can complete the work in 13 days. 

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