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Q:

In a public bathroom there are n taps 1,2,3...n. Tap1 and Tap2 take equal time to fill the tank while Tap3 takes half the time taken by Tap2 and Tap4 takes half the time taken by Tap3. Similarly each next number of tap takes half the time taken by previous number of Tap i.e, K-th  Tap takes half the time taken by (K-1)th Tap.

If the 10th tap takes 2 hours to fill the tank alone then what is the ratio of  efficiency of 8th tap and 12th tap, respectively?

A) 4:1 B) 5:3
C) 16:1 D) 1:16

Answer:   D) 1:16

Explanation:

Time taken by 8th tap = \inline 2\times 2\times 2 = 8 hours

and time taken by 12th tap = \inline 2\times \frac{1}{2}\times \frac{1}{2} = \inline \frac{1}{2} hour

Ratio of time taken by 8th 8th tap and 12th tap = \inline 8:\frac{1}{2} =16:1

Therefore, Ratio of efficiencies of 8th tap and 12th tap =1:16

Q:

A can complete a piece of work in 12 days and B is 60% more efficient than A. In how many days B will complete the same work  ?

A) 8.7 hrs B) 5.2 hrs
C) 5 hrs D) 7.5 hrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7.5 hrs

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 160 : 100
A can do the work in 12 days
Let B can do the work in "D" days
=> 160:100 = 12 : D
=> D = 12 x 100/160 = 7.5 hrs

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Q:

A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in half the time taken by A. then, working together, what part of the same work they can finish in a day ?

A) Total work B) One-fourth work
C) Half work D) Two-third work
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Half work

Explanation:

A can do the work = 18 days
B can do the work = 18/2 = 9 days
(A + B)'s 1 day work = 1/18 + 1/9 = 1/6
=> In 3 days = 3x1/6 = 1/2 work is completed.

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Q:

10 boys can complete a work in 7 days and 10 girls take 14 days to complete the work. How many days will 5 boys and 10 girls take to complete the work ?

A) 13 days B) 10 days
C) 7 days D) 16 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 7 days

Explanation:

1 boy's 1 day work = 1/70
1 girl's 1 day work = 1/140
(5 boys + 10 girls)'s 1 day work
= (5/70 + 10/140) = (1/14 + 1/14) = 1/7

5 boys and 10 girls will complete the work in 7 days.

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Q:

A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days  ?

A) 9 days B) 11 days
C) 13 days D) 15 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 13 days

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 100 : 130 = 10 : 13.
Suppose B takes x days to do the work.

Then, 10 : 13 :: 23 : x     =>     x = ( 23 x 13/10 )     =>     x = 299 /10.

A's 1 day's work = 1/23 ;
B's 1 day's work = 10/299 .

(A + B)'s 1 day's work = ( 1/23 + 10/299 ) = 23/299 = 113 .

Therefore, A and B together can complete the work in 13 days. 

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Q:

A laborer is engaged for 30 days on the condition that he receives Rs.25 for each day he works and is fined Rs.7.50 for each day is absent. He gets Rs.425 in all. For how many days was he absent ?

A) 10 days B) 14 days
C) 11 days D) 9 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 10 days

Explanation:

30 x 25 = 750
               425
           -----------
               325

25 + 7.50 = 32.5

=> 325/32.5 = 10

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