URI is known as Uniform Resource Identifier as it identifies the resources requested by clients and fetches them from the server.
The components that are used in URI are as follows:
- http: is the first thing that is used in a URL and it is used to tell what kind of resource that needs to be retrieved over the server.
This includes the server details and it is itself a protocol known as Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) that is used to fetch the information.
- Web browsers sometimes use the secure protocol that is represented using HTTPs used in case of secure transaction over the internet.
- FTP: is also a protocol that is known as File Transfer Protocol that allows the transfer from a file from local computer to server