# Partnership Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  PARTNERSHIP  PROBLEMS

Partnership: When two or more than two persons run a business jointly, they are called partners and the deal is known as partnership.

Ratio of Division of Gains:

(i) When investments of all the partners are for the same time, the gain or loss is distributed a among the partners in the ratio of their investments. Suppose A and B invest Rs. x and Rs. y respectively for a year in a business, then at the end of the year (A’s share of profit) : (B's share of profit) = x : y.

(ii) When investments are for different time periods, then equivalent capitals are calculated for a unit of time by taking (capital x number of units of time). Now, gain or loss is divided in the ratio of these capitals. Suppose A invests Rs. x for p months and B invests Rs. y for q months, then (A’s share of profit) : (B's share of profit) = xp : yq.

Working and Sleeping Partners: A partner who manages the business is known as a working partner and the one who simply invests the money is a sleeping partner.

Q:

The ratio of investments of two partners A and B is 7:5 and the ratio of their profits is 7:10. If A invested the money for 5 months, find for how much time did B invest the money ?

 A) 11 months B) 9 months C) 7 months D) 10 months

Explanation:

7x5: 5xk = 7:10
k = 10 months

7 13688
Q:

Vishal invested 10% more than Trishul. Trishul invested 10% less than Raghu. If the total sum of their investments is Rs. 5780, how much amount did Raghu invest ?

 A) Rs.2010 B) Rs.2200 C) Rs.2000 D) Rs.2100

Explanation:

Let money invested by Raghu = Rs. x
Money invested by Trishul = 9/10 x = 0.9x
Money invested by Vishal = 9/10x * 110/100 = 0.99x
Also, x+0.9x+0.99x = 5780
= x= 5780/2.89 = 2000

Therefore, amount invested by Raghu is Rs. 2000.

12 13630
Q:

Three milkmen rented a pasture. A grazed 24 cows for 4 months; B 10 cows for 6 months; C 56 cows for 5 months. If A's share of rent is Rs. 960, find the total rent of the field?

 A) 4530 B) 4440 C) 4360 D) 4280

Explanation:

Ratio of shares of A,B,C = (24 x 4) : (10 x 6) : (56 x 5)

= 96 : 60 : 280.

Let total rent be Rs. x. Then, A's share = $Rs.96x436$

Hence total rent of the field is Rs. 4360.

11 13021
Q:

A, B, C and D enter into partnership. A subscribes 1/3 of the capital B 1/4, C 1/5 and D the rest. How much share did A get in a profit of Rs.2490 ?

 A) Rs. 820 B) Rs. 830 C) Rs. 840 D) Rs. 850

Explanation:

Let the total amount in the partnership be 'x'.
Then A's share = x/3
B's share = x/4
C's share = x/5
D's share = x - (x/3 + x/4 +x/5) = 13x/60

A : B : C : D = x/3 : x/4 : x/5 : 13x/60 = 20 : 15 : 12 : 13

A's share in the profit of Rs. 2490 = 20 (2490/60) = Rs. 830.

8 12579
Q:

Deepa started a business in 2009 by investing Rs.50,000. She invested Rs. 20,000 as additional amount in 2010 and her friend Sushma joined her with an amount of Rs.70,000. Deepa invested another Rs. 20,000 in 2011 and Avanthi joined them with Rs. 70,000. At the end of these 3 years, they earned a profit of Rs. 3,00,000. Find Sushma's share ?

 A) Rs. 75,000 B) Rs. 85,000 C) Rs. 98,000 D) Rs. 1,00,000

Explanation:

Deepa invested Rs.50,000 for 12 months, Rs.(50000 + 20000) for 12 months and Rs.(50000 + 20000 + 20000) for 12 months.
i.e, she invested Rs.50,000 for 12 months, Rs.70000 for 12 months and Rs.90000 for 12 months.
Sushma invested Rs. 70000 for 2 years; i.e, Rs.70000 for 24 months
And, Avanthi invested Rs.70000 for 1 year; i.e, Rs. 70000 for 12 months.

Their investing ratio:
Deepa : Sushma : Avanthi = (50,000 x 12 + 70000 x 12 + 90000 x 12):(70000 x 24):(70000 x 12)
= (25,20,000):(16,80,000):(8,40,000) = 252:168:84 = 3:2:1

Total profit for 3 years = Rs.3,00,000
Therefore, Sushma's share = Rs.(3,00,000 x 2 /(3+2+1)) = Rs.(3,00,000 x 2/6) = Rs.1,00,000.

5 11916
Q:

Simran started a software business by investing Rs. 50,000. After six months, Nanda joined her with a capital of Rs. 80,000. After 3 years, they earned a profit of Rs. 24,500. What was Simran's share in the profit ?

 A) 12,421 B) 9,423 C) 11,600 D) 10,500

Explanation:

The ratio of their investments:
50000x36 : 80000x30 = 3 : 4
Simran's share of profit = (24500x3/7) = Rs.10,500.

5 11401
Q:

A, B and C started a business where their initial capital was in the ratio of 2:3:4. At the end of 6 months, A invested an amount such that his total capital became equal to C's initial capital investment. If the annual profit of B is Rs. 3000 then what is the total profit  ?

 A) Rs. 8,640 B) Rs. 9,850 C) Rs. 10,000 D) Rs. 11,220

Explanation:

Ratio of investments of A, B & C = 2×6+4×6 : 3×12 : 4×12

= 36 : 36 : 48

= 6 : 6 : 8

But given that the annual profit of B is Rs. 3000

=> 6 ratio = 3000

Then for the total annual profit of partners is

20 ratio = 3000 x 20/6 = 10,000.

18 11313
Q:

Rajeev start a business with Rs. 10000, Deepu joins him after 2 month with 20% more investment than Rajeev, after 2 month Shakti joins him with 40% less than Deepu. If the profit earned by them at the end of the year is equal to the twice of the difference between investment of Rajeev and ten times the investment of Shakti. Find the profit of Rajeev ?

 A) 50000 B) 48000 C) 38000 D) 40000

Explanation:

Here from the given information,

The ratio of investments of Rajeev, Deepu & Shakti is

R : D : S = (10000 × 12) : (12000 × 10) : (7200 × 8)

= 25 : 25 : 12

Now the Profit = 2 × (72000-10000) = 124000

Share of Rajeev = 124000 x 25/62 = 48000

Profit of Rajeev = 48000 - 10000 = 38000