Statement and Arguments Questions

Q:

Should there be only a uniform rate of income tax irrespective of the level of income?

Arguments :

I. Yes. This will substantially reduce the work of the officials of the income tax department.

II. No. This will reduce Govt tax collection to a large extent

A) If only argument I is strong B) If only argument II is strong
C) If neither I nor II is strong D) If both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only argument II is strong

Explanation:

I is weak because reduction of workload of IT officials is not too desirable a motive. II is strong because reduced tax collection will have a bad impact on state activities.

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Q:

Should government jobs in rural areas have more incentives

Arguments:

1. Yes. Incentives are essential for attracting government servants there

2. No. Rural areas are already cheaper,healthier and less complex than big cities .So,why offer extra incentives!

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 or 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 is true

Explanation:

Government jobs in rural are underlined with several difficulties in love of these .In lieu of these ,extra incentives are needed

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Q:

Should judiciary be independent of the executive? 

Arguments:

1. Yes. This would help curb the unlawful activities of the executive

2. No. The executive would not be able to take bold measures

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 is true

Explanation:

Clearly, independent  judiciary is necessary for impartial judgements so that the executive does'nt take wrong measures.So only argument 1 holds

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Q:

Should school education be made free in India ?

Arguments : 

I. Yes. This is the only way to improve the literacy rate in India.

II. No. It would add the already heavy burden on the exchequer.

A) Only argument I is strong B) Only argument II is strong
C) Neither I nor II is strong D) Both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Only argument II is strong

Explanation:

Making education free can not ensure full literacy. So argument I is vague. Argument II stands strong.

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Q:

Should students take part in politics?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It includes in the the quality of leader ship

2. No. They should study and build up their career

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 or 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Either 1 or 2 is true

Explanation:

Clearly ,indulgement in politics trains the students for future leader ship but it sways them from studies .So,either of argument 1 or 2 holds

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Q:

Should the articles of only deserving authors be allowed to be published 

Arguments:

1. Yes. It will save a lot of paper which is in short upply

2. No. It is not possible to draw a line between the deserving and the undeserving

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Only 2 is true

Explanation:

1 does'nt provide a strong reason in upport of te statement.Also ,it is not possible to analyze the reallydeserving and not deserving.So 2 holds true

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Q:

Sould the railways in india be privatised in a phased manner like other public sector enterprises? 

Arguments:

1. Yes. This is the only way to bring in competativeness and provide better services

2. No. It leads to wastage of resources

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true

Explanation:

Privatization would no doubt lead to better services.But saying that 'this is the only ' is wrong

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Q:

Should all the factories in the cities be shifted to the outskirts, far away from the main city?

Arguments :

I. Yes. This is an essential step for controlling pollution in the city.

II. No. Such a step will lead to lot of inconvenience to the employees of the factories and their families as well

A) If only argument I is strong B) If only argument II is strong
C) If neither I nor II is strong D) If both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only argument I is strong

Explanation:

I is strong because pollution control is highly desirable. II is weak. There may be some inconvenience initially but in fact their families would live better lives in the outskirts.

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