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Q:

Two connected routers are configured only with RIP routing. What will be the result when a router receives a routing update that contains a higher-cost path to a network already in its routing table?

A) The updated information will be added to the existing routing table B) The update will be ignored and no further action will occur
C) The updated information will replace the existing routing table entry D) The existing routing table entry will be deleted from the routing table and all routers will exchange routing updates to reach convergence

Answer:   B) The update will be ignored and no further action will occur

Explanation:

When a routing update is received by a router, the router first checks the administrative distance (AD) and always chooses the route with the lowest AD. However, if two routes are received and they both have the same AD and differing metrics , then the router will choose the one route with the lowest metrics or , in RIP's case, hop count.

Q:

By default , what type of trust are all Windows 2000 trust relationships within a domain tree or forest?

A) Explicit trust B) One-way trust
C) Transitive trust D) Non-transitive trust
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Transitive trust

Explanation:

By default, all Windows 2000 trusts within a domain tree or forest are transitive trusts.

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Q:

What are the typical three different categories of VPNs?

Answer

The following are the different types of VPNs :


PPTP ( Point to Point Tunnel protocol ) VPN : Most commonly used VPN. PPTP is a method for implementing virtual private networks. PPTP uses a control channel over TCP and a GRE tunnel operating to encapsulate PPP packets.


Site-to-Site VPN : Site-to-site VPN is a type of VPN connection that is created between two separate locations. Site-to-site VPN can be intranet based or extranet based. 


Intranet-based site-to-site VPN is created between an organization's propriety networks, while extranet-based site-to-site VPN is used for connecting with external partner networks or an intranet.


L2TP ( Layer Two Tunneling Protoco) VPN : L2TP is an extension of the Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) used by an Internet service provider (ISP) to enable the operation of a virtual private network over the Internet.


IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) : IPsec is a framework for a set of protocols for security at the network or packet processing layer of network communication.


SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) VPN : SSL  is a form of VPN that can be used with a standard Web browser. In contrast to the traditional Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) VPN, an SSL VPN does not require the installation of specialized client software on the end user's computer. 


MPLS (Multiprotocol Label Switching) VPN : MPLS is a protocol for speeding up and shaping network traffic flows. 


Hybrid VPN : A hybrid VPN combines Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Internet protocol security (IPsec)-based VPNs. 

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1 619
Q:

What protocol would you use if you were running xDSL and needed authentication?

Answer

PPPoE  or  PPPoA

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Q:

Which of the following describes the creation of private networks across the Internet, enabling privacy and tunneling of non-TCP/IP protocols?

A) HDLC B) Cable
C) VPN D) IPSec
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) VPN

Explanation:

A VPN allows or describes the creation of private networks across the Internet, enabling privacy and tunneling of non-TCP/IP protocols. A VPN can be set up across any type of link.

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Q:

Which of the following is an industry-wide standards suite of protocols and algorithms that allows for secure data transmission over an IP-based network that functions at the layer3 Network layer of the OSI model?

A) HDLC B) xDSL
C) VPN D) IPSec
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) IPSec

Explanation:

IPSec is an industry-wide standard suite of protocols and algorithms that allows for secure data transmission over an IP-based network that functions at the layer3 Network layer of the OSI model.

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