Technical Questions

Q:

What is the cause of thrashing? How does the system detect thrashing? Once it detects thrashing, what can the system do to eliminate this problem?

Answer

Thrashing is caused by under allocation of the minimum number of pages required by a process, forcing it to continuously page fault. The system can detect thrashing by evaluating the level of CPU utilization as compared to the level of multiprogramming. It can be eliminated by reducing the level of multiprogramming.


 


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Q:

What will be output of following c code?

#include <stdio.h>
int main()

{
    int x=123;
    int i={
         printf("c" "++")
    };
    for(x=0;x<=i;x++){
         printf("%x ",x);
    }
    return 0;

}

Answer

Output: c++0 1 2 3

Explanation: First printf function will print: c++ and return 3 to variable i.For loop will execute three time and printf function will print 0, 1, 2 respectively.

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Subject: Programming

53 36613
Q:

 ON UPDATE CASCADE ensures which of the following?

A) Normalization B) Data Integrity
C) Materialized Views D) All of the above.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Data Integrity

Explanation:
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Q:

main()

{

char *p; p = "Hello";

printf ("%cn", *&*p);

}

A) H B) Hello
C) Compilation error D) H E L L O
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) H

Explanation:

* is a dereference operator & is a reference operator. They can be applied any number of times provided it is meaningful. Here p points to the first character in the string "Hello". *p dereferences it and so its value is H. Again & references it to an address and * dereferences it to the value H

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Filed Under: Programming
Job Role: Software Architect

17 25584
Q:

main()

{

char s[ ] = "man";

int i;

for( i=0; s[ i ]; i++)

printf( "n%c%c%c%c", s[ i ], *(s+i), *(i+s), i[s] );

}

A) mmmm aaaa nnnn B) aaaa mmmm nnnn
C) nnnn aaaa mmmm D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) mmmm aaaa nnnn

Explanation:

s[i], *(i+s), *(s+i), i[s] are all different ways of expressing the same idea.Generally array name is the base address for that array. Here s is the base address. i is the index number/displacement from the base address. So, indirecting it with * is same as s[i]. i[s] may be surprising. But in the case of C it is same as s[i].

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Q:

 A DBMS that combines a DBMS and an application generator is ________ .

A) Microsoft's SQL Server B) Microsoft's Access
C) IBM's DB2 D) Oracle Corporation's Oracle
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Microsoft's Access

Explanation:
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31 21179
Q:

Explain Belady's Anomaly?

Answer

Also called FIFO anomaly. Usually, on increasing the number of frames allocated to a process virtual memory, the process execution is faster, because fewer page faults occur. Sometimes, the reverse happens, i.e., the execution time increases even when more frames are allocated to the process. This is Belady's Anomaly. This is true for certain page reference patterns.

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Q:

Which of the following is not part of performance testing?

A) simulating many users B) measuring response times
C) generating many transactions D) recovery testing
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) recovery testing

Explanation:

In software engineering, performance testing is in general, a testing practice performed to determine how a system performs in terms of responsiveness and stability under a particular workload.

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