Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

Q:

Arrange the words given below in a meaningful sequence.

1.Presentation  2.Recommendation  3. Arrival  4.Discussion  5.Introduction

A) 5, 3, 4, 1, 2 B) 3, 5, 4, 2, 1
C) 3, 5, 1, 4, 2 D) 5, 3, 1, 2, 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 3, 5, 1, 4, 2

Explanation:

The correct order is :

 

Arrival   Introduction   Presentation   Discussion  Recommendation

 

      3                    5                        1                    4                       2  

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3358 405630
Q:

What was the day on 15th august 1947 ?

A) Friday B) Saturday
C) Sunday D) Thursday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Friday

Explanation:

15 Aug, 1947 = (1946 years + Period from 1.1.1947 to 15.8.1947)

15th_August_1947_day1534219857.jpg image

 

Odd days in 1600 years = 0 

 

Odd days in 300 years = 1

 

46 years = (35 ordinary years + 11 leap years) = (35 x 1 + 11 x 2)= 57 (8 weeks + 1 day) = 1 odd day 

 

Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May.   Jun.   Jul.   Aug 

 

( 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 15 ) = 227 days = (32 weeks + 3 days) = 3 odd days.

 

Total number of odd days = (0 + 1 + 1 + 3) = 5 odd days. 

 

 

Hence, as the number of odd days = 5 , given day is Friday.

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3745 392572
Q:

Today is Monday. After 61 days, it will be :

A) Tuesday B) Monday
C) Sunday D) Saturday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Saturday

Explanation:

Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days. So, after 63 days, it will be Monday.

 

After 61 days, it will be Saturday.

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2452 277092
Q:

In an election between two candidates, one got 55% of the total valid votes, 20% of the votes were invalid. If the total number of votes was 7500, the number of valid votes that the other candidate got, was :

A) 2500 B) 2700
C) 2900 D) 3100
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 2700

Explanation:

Total number of votes = 7500 

Given that 20% of Percentage votes were invalid

 => Valid votes = 80%

 Total valid votes = 7500*(80/100) 

1st candidate got 55% of the total valid votes. 

Hence the 2nd candidate should have got 45% of the total valid votes 

=> Valid votes that 2nd candidate got = total valid votes x (45/100) 

7500*(80/100)*(45/100) = 2700

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2409 271822
Q:

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's share is Rs. 855, the total profit is :

A) 500 B) 1000
C) 1500 D) 2000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 1500

Explanation:

Let the total profit be Rs. 100.

 

 

 

After paying to charity, A's share  = (95*3/5) = Rs. 57.

 

 

 

If A's share is Rs. 57, total profit = Rs. 100.

 

 

 

If A's share is Rs. 855, total profit  = (100/57*855) = 1500.

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600 260272
Q:

A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the number of coins of each type respectively.

A) 360, 160, 200 B) 160, 360, 200
C) 200, 360,160 D) 200,160,300
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 200, 360,160

Explanation:

let ratio be x.

Hence no. of coins be 5x ,9x , 4x respectively

Now given total amount = Rs.206

=> (.50)(5x) + (.25)(9x) + (.10)(4x) = 206

we get x = 40

=> No. of 50p coins = 200

=> No. of 25p coins = 360

=> No. of 10p coins = 160

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1780 218781
Q:

A problem is given to three students whose chances of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?

A) 1/4 B) 1/2
C) 3/4 D) 7/12
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 3/4

Explanation:

Let A, B, C be the respective events of solving the problem and A , B, C be the respective events of not solving the problem. Then A, B, C are independent event

A, B, C are independent events

Now,  P(A) = 1/2 , P(B) = 1/3 and P(C)=1/4

 PA=12, PB=23, PC= 34

 P( none  solves the problem) = P(not A) and (not B) and (not C)  

                  = PABC 

                  = PAPBPC          A, B, C are Independent                       

                  =  12×23×34  

                  = 14  

Hence, P(the problem will be solved) = 1 - P(none solves the problem) 

                = 1-14= 3/4

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877 192883
Q:

C L R T B Q S M A P D I  N F J K G Y X

Four of the following  five are alike in a certain way and so form group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?

1. LBT     2.IJF    3. PID    4. BMS

A) BMS B) LBT
C) IJF D) PID
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) PID

Explanation:

L+3B-1T

 I+3J-1F

 P+2I-1D

 B+3-1S

  Therefore, PID is not in the form of other patterns.

 

 

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