Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions


What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?

 

Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.

 

Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.

 

One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.

 

We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.


Q:

Artists are generally whimsical. Some of them are frustrated. Frustrated people are prone to be drug addicts.

Based on these statements which of the following conclusions is true?

A) All frustrated people are drug addicts B) Frustrated people are whimsical
C) All drug addicts are artists D) Some artists may be drug addicts
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Some artists may be drug addicts

Explanation:
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32 24973
Q:

I.  Tanya is older than Eric.

II. Cliff is older than Tanya.

III.Eric is older than Cliff.

If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

A) true B) false
C) uncertain D) none
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) false

Explanation:

Because the first two statements are true, Eric is the youngest of the three, so the third statement must be false

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52 23578
Q:

All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees

Conclusions:

1. Some angels are toys

2. Some trees are flowers

3. Some flowers are angels

A) None follows B) Only 1 follows
C) Only 2 follows D) Only 1 and 3 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) None follows

Explanation:

All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees

Since the middle term 'toys' is not distributed even once in the premises,no definite conclusion follows.

 

 

Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees

Since both premises are particular,no definite conclusion an be drawn

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12 23477
Q:

All windows are doors. No door is wall

Conclusions:

1. No window is wall

2. No Wall is door

A) Only 1 follows B) Only 2 follows
C) Either 1 or 2 follows D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative, the conclusion must be universal negative. Also, the conclusion should not contain the middle term. So, 1 follows.

 

However, 2 is the converse of the second premise and thus it also holds.

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39 22643
Q:

I.  During the past year, Josh saw more movies than Stephen.

II. Stephen saw fewer movies than Darren.

III.Darren saw more movies than Josh.

If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

A) true B) false
C) uncertain D) none
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) uncertain

Explanation:

Because the first two sentences are true, both Josh and Darren saw more movies than Stephen. However, it is uncertain as to whether Darren saw more movies than Josh.

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49 21831
Q:

Some blankets are beds. Some pillows are blankets. All beds are pillows

Conclusions:

1. Some blankets are pillows

2. Some pillows are beds

3. Some beds are blankets

A) Only either 1 or 2 follows B) Only 1 and either 2 or 3 follows
C) Only 3 and either 1 or 2 follows D) All 1 ,2 and 3 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) All 1 ,2 and 3 follow

Explanation:

1 is the converse of 2nd premise,2 is the converse of 3rd premiseand 3 is the converse of 1st premise and such, all the 3 follow

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10 19478
Q:

Some mountains are hillocks. Some mountains are rivers. Some mountains are valleys.

Conclusions:

1. All mountains are either hillocks or rivers or valleys

2. No valley is river

3. Some river are valleys

A) None follows B) Only 1 follows
C) Only 2 and 3 follow D) Only 3 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Only 2 and 3 follow

Explanation:

2 and 3 are the satements involving the extreme terms of the last 2 premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either 2 or 3 follows

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13 16073
Q:

Some tapes are discs. Some discs are cassettes. Some cassettes are songs

Conclusions:

1. Some songs are discs

2. Some cassettes are tapes

3. Some songs are tapes

4. No song is a disc

A) Only either 1 or 4 follows B) Only either 2 or 4 follows
C) Only 3 and 4 follow D) Only 3 and either 2 or 4 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only either 1 or 4 follows

Explanation:

Since each combiantion of premise contain 2 particular premises, no definite conclusion can be drawn. However, 1 and 4 involve the extreme terms of 2nd and 3rd premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either 1 or 4 follows.

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