Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

Q:

Agra and Delhi are 160 km apart. A train leaves Agra for Delhi and at the same time another train leaves Delhi for Agra. Both the trains meet 5 hrs after they start moving. If the train travelling from Agra to Delhi travels 6 km/hr faster than the other train, find the speed of the faster train? 

A) 19 kmph B) 13 kmph
C) 7 kmph D) 9 kmph
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 19 kmph

Explanation:

Let the speed of the slower train = p kmph

ATQ,

Speed of the faster train = (p + 6) kmph

Then,

(p + p + 6) x 5 = 160

10p + 30 = 160

10p = 130

p = 13 kmph

Then, speed of the faster train = p + 6 = 13 + 6 = 19 kmph.

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Q:

The cost price of three varieties of mangoes namely M, N and O is Rs. 20/kg, Rs. 40/kg and Rs. 50/kg respectively. Find the selling price of one kg of mango in which these three varieties of mangoes are mixed in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 5 such that there is a net profit of 20%?

A) Rs. 47 B) Rs. 49.2
C) Rs. 48.5 D) Rs. 50.3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 49.2

Explanation:

Total cost of all varieties of mangoes = 20 x 2 + 40 x 3 + 50 x 5 = 40 + 120 + 250 = Rs. 410

Then, cost of 1 kg mangoes = 410/10 = Rs. 41

To get 20% profit,

The rate at which the mangoes should be sell = 120/100 x 41 = Rs. 49.2

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Q:

A shopkeeper’s earning increases by 25% in first year but decreases by 4% in the next and so on. After 5 years his total earnings would be Rs. 72,000. What is his present earning?

A) Rs. 40,000 B) Rs. 45,000
C) Rs. 42,000 D) Rs. 46,000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 40,000

Explanation:

Let his present earnings be Rs. p

ATQ,

(125/100) x (96/100) x (125/100) x (96/100) x (125/100) x p = 72000

p = Rs. 40,000.

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1 212
Q:

Cartesian product in relational algebra is

Answer

The Cartesian Product is also an operator which works on two sets. It is sometimes called the CROSS PRODUCT or CROSS JOIN. It combines the tuples of one relation with all the tuples of the other relation.

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Q:

A tangent contains at most how many chords?

A) 1 B) 2
C) 3 D) 0
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 0

Explanation:

A tangent contains ZERO chords, as it touches the circle at only one point.

 

Hence, it does not contain any chord.

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Q:

Which letter has at least one line of symmetry?

A) A B) C
C) O D) All of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) All of the above

Explanation:

The letter A has a vertical axis of symmetry.

The letter C has a horizontal axis of symmetry.

The letter O has more than one axis of symmetry, including vertical axis and horizontal axis.

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Q:

3, 6, 17.5, 64.75, ?

A) 304.587 B) 295.875
C) 115.246 D) 101
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 295.875

Explanation:

3

3 x 1.5 + 1.5 = 6

6 x 2.5 + 2.5 = 17.5

17.5 x 3.5 + 3.5 = 64.75

64.75 x 4.5 + 4.5 = 295.875

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Q:

Rohan spends 24% of an amount of money on an insurance policy, 34% on food, 19% on children’s education and 17% on recreation. He deposits the remaining amount of Rs. 540 in bank. How much total amount does he spend on food and insurance policy together?

A) Rs. 6350 B) Rs. 5220
C) Rs. 5890 D) Rs. 6458
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 5220

Explanation:

Remaining % of amount with Rohan

= 100 - (24 + 34 + 17 + 19)

= 100 - 94

= 6%

=> 6% = 540

=> 100% = ?

540 x 100/6 = Rs. 9000

Now, Money spent on insurance and food is

= 34 + 24 = 58% of 9000

= 58 x 9000/100

= 58 x 90

= Rs. 5220

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