Answer & Explanation
Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States.
The state legislature has primary responsibility for creating a redistricting plan, in many cases subject to approval by the state governor.
Redistricting has to follow certain criteria to be accepted:
* equal population
* preservation of existing political communities
* partisan fairness
* racial fairness
The practice of gerrymandering involves the manipulation of district drawing in aims to leave out, or include, specific populations in a legislator's district to ensure his/her reelection.
Gerrymandering is the practice of drawing district lines to achieve political gain for legislators.