ABAP Questions

Q:

What are the difference between call screen and leave screen?

Answer

Call Screen: Calling a single screen is a special case of embedding a screen sequence. If you want to prevent the called screen from covering the current screen completely, you can use the CALL SCREEN statement with the STARTING AT and ENDING AT


CALL SCREEN 1000.


CALL SCREEN 1000 STARTING AT 10 10 ENDING AT 20 20.


LEAVE SCREEN statement ends the current screen and calls the subsequent screen.


LEAVE SCREEN.


LEAVE TO SCREEN 2000.


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Q:

What is the differences between ABAP and OOABAP. In which situation we use OOABAP?

Answer

OOABAP is used to develop BSP/PCUI applications and also anthing involved object oriented like BADIs, SmartForms..etc.where as ABAP is used to develop traditional programs in R/3.

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Q:

What is ALV programming in ABAP? When is this grid used in ABAP?

Answer

ALV is Application List viewer. Sap provides a set of ALV (ABAP LIST VIEWER) function modules which can be put into use to embellish the output of a report. This set of ALV functions is used to enhance the readability and functionality of any report output. Cases arise in sap when the output of a report contains columns extending more than 255 characters in length. In such cases, this set of ALV functions can help choose selected columns and arrange the different columns from a report output and also save different variants for report display. This is a very efficient tool for dynamically sorting and arranging the columns from a report output. The report output can contain up to 90 columns in the display with the wide array of display options.

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Q:

What is CTS and what do you know about it?

Answer

The Change and Transport System (CTS) is a tool that helps you to organize development projects in the ABAP Workbench and in Customizing, and then transport the changes between the SAP Systems and clients in your system landscape. This documentation provides you with an overview of how to manage changes with the CTS and essential information on setting up your system and client landscape and deciding on a transport strategy. Read and follow this documentation when planning your development project.

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Q:

How to declare select-option as a parameter?

Answer


SELECT-OPTIONS: specify or displayed on the selection screen for the user to enter values.




Parameters    : dname like dept-dname.
Select-options: dname for dept-dname.


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