Law Questions

Q:

Name the various parties involved in IR system?

Answer

The main parties involved in the IR system are: 


i.) Employers – They are the ones who possess the rights to hire the employees and remove them. They also possess the rights to relocate, close or merge the business. They can opt for technological changes as and when they see it in the interest of business. 


ii.) Employees – They are actually the ones who keep the business moving. They possess the rights to voice their opinions and feelings while striving for betterment. They usually form the unions to negotiate with the employers.


iii.) Government – Government is the one who influences the IR system with laws, rules, agreements, awards of court etc. They also include third parties & labour and tribunal courts to manage the IR system.

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Q:

Explain CBA.

Answer

CBA – Collective Bargaining Agreement is the result of collective bargaining procedure. 


These agreements can be in one of the two forms: 


i.) Procedural agreement


ii.) Substantive agreement


Procedural agreements – They usually deal with the relationship between employees and employers to resolve individual and group issues. These are usually filed in the company’s rule book. 


Substantive agreements – This kind of an agreement deals with specific issues like basic pay, leave policy, bonus payment etc.

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Q:

What are the main objectives of industrial relations system?

Answer

The main objectives of an Industrial relations system are: 


- To protect the interest of employees and employers by building up a congenial relationship. 


- To avoid the human conflicts which can harm the business, the employees and the economic growth of the country.


- To increase the productivity. 


- To improve the economic conditions of the workers


- To reduce the number of industrial disputes like strikes, lock outs etc.

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Q:

Can you tell me how your legal organisation/law firm defines success?

Answer

Tips


It would be wise to save this question for the interviewing manager, and not for a peer/technical discussion. Nobody likes a kiss-up, but letting management know that you will communicate openly and honestly with them, always scores big points. The last part of the question can be a good barometer about how easy it will be to become a top performer. You can follow up with a discussion of how you have been successful in your previous jobs.

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Q:

Classify and explain the functions performed by trade unions.

Answer

The functions performed by trade unions can be classified into two groups: 


i.) Militant Functions


ii.) Fraternal Functions


 


Militant functions :


These activities include strike, lock outs, gherao etc which means putting up a fight with the management. Hence, they are called militant functions. They are carried out for following purposes: 


a.) Rise in wages


b.) Rise in the status of workers


c.) Protection against injustice


 


Fraternal functions :


These functions are carried out by the trade unions for the welfare of their employees which includes: 


a.) Measures to boost up the workers’ morale


b.) Foster self confidence


c.) Develop sincerity and discipline


d.) Protection to women workers against discrimination

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