Assertion and Reason Questions

Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : Carbon monoxide when inhaled causes death. 

Reason (R) : Carbon monoxide combines with haemoglobin. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and It are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Carbon monoxide, when inhaled, combines with haemoglobin of blood to form carboxyhaemoglobin which inhibits the transport of oxygen. 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : Cut fruits and vegetables should not be kept in open for long. 

Reason (R)   : Their vitamin content is ruined. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

When cut fruits and vegetables are kept in open, the vitamins in them get oxidised and remain of no use. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion(A) :  The steam engine was invented by James Watt. 

Reason (R)   :  There was a problem of taking out water from flooded mines

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

The problem of pumping out water from the flooded mines provided the need of a self working engine, which led James Watt to invent the same. 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : a Vaccines prevent diseases. 

Reason (R)    : Vaccines must be given to children. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Vaccines prevent diseases by developing immunity inside the body and vaccines must be given to children to build in them a resistance against diseases. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion(A)   :   In India, the judiciary is independent of the executive. 

Reason (R)     :   Judiciary favours the government and helps in the implementation of its plans. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

In India, the judiciary is completely independent of the executive. It has no interference in the affairs of the state nor can it be influenced by the government. 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : In India, people elect their own representatives.

 Reason (R)    : India is a democracy.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

India, being a democracy, it is a government run by the representatives elected by its people 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) :   Razia Sultan was the daughter of Iltutmish. 

Reason (R)    :  Iltutmish was a rebel. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

litutmish was a ruler of slave dynasty and Razia was his daughter. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  :    Leakages in household gas cylinders can be detected. 

Reason (R)     :    LPG has a strong smell. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

Leakages in household gas cylinders can be detected because of the strong smell of ethyl merceptan mixed with LPG. 

 

 

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