Assertion and Reason Questions

Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)   :   Simla is colder than Delhi. 

Reason (R)      :  Simla is at a higher altitude as compared to Delhi. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Simla is colder than Delhi because it is situated at a higher altitude and temperature decreases by 1°C for every 165 metres of ascent 

 

 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : Cotton is grown in alluvial soils. 

Reason (R)    :  Alluvial soils are very fertile. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Alluvial soils comprising of silt and sand carried down by the rivers, are very fertile. However, cotton is grown in black soil that suits its mineral requirements 

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10 10777
Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : Legumes revive the soil fertility. 

Reason (R)    : Microbes in the root nodules of legumes fix the atmospheric nitrogen. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

The root nodules of leguminous plants contain certain nitrogen fixing bacteria which absorb the atmospheric nitrogen and convert it into nitrogeneous compounds useful for the plants reviving soil fertility. 

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12 10776
Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) :  The Indian Constitution came into force with effect from 26th January. 1950. 

Reason (R)    :  26th January is celebrated as the Republic Day. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

The Indian Constitution came into force with effect from January 26, 1950 and since then this day is celebrated as the Republic Day.  

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : Carbon dioxide turns lime water milky. 

Reason (R)     : Carbon dioxide sullies the water. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

Carbon dioxide reacts with lime water (calcium hydroxide) to form milky precipitate of calcium carbonate 

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5 10396
Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

 Assertion (A) : We feel colder on mountains than on plains.

 Reason (R)    : Temperature decreases with altitude. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Higher above the sea level, temperature decreases at the rate of  1 degree centigarade for every 165 me-tres of ascent making mountain peaks colder. 

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9 10331
Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)   :  We prefer to wear white clothes in winter. 

Reason (R)      :  White clothes are good reflectors of heat. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) A is false but R is true.

Explanation:

We prefer to wear dark clothes in winter because they absorb the heat and keep the body warm. However, white clothes are good reflectors of heat and are worn in summer. 

 

 

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18 10329
Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) :  Glass tumbler breaks in winter when hot water is poured in it.

Reason (R)    :  When hot water is poured. the outer surface of glass expands.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

When in winter, hot water is poured in the glass tumbler. its inner surface tends to expand while the Outer surface in contact with cold atmosphere does not. This opposite interaction causes the tumbler to break. 

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