Assertion and Reason Questions

Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) :  Glass tumbler breaks in winter when hot water is poured in it.

Reason (R)    :  When hot water is poured. the outer surface of glass expands.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

When in winter, hot water is poured in the glass tumbler. its inner surface tends to expand while the Outer surface in contact with cold atmosphere does not. This opposite interaction causes the tumbler to break. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)   :   Most of the Himalayan rivers are perennial. 

Reason (R)      :   They are fed by melting snow. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Most Himalayan rivers originating in Himalayan peaks are perennial because they are fed by the melting snow throughout the year. 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion(A)    :    Increase in carbon dioxide would melt polar ice. 

Reason (R)      :    Global temperature would rise

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

The carbon dioxide envelope in earth's atmosphere traps the heat. With increase in the proportion of carbon dioxide, therefore, the global temperature would rise, thus causing the polar ice to melt 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion(A)   :   When common salt is kept open, it absorbs moisture from the air. 

Reason (R)     :   Common salt contains magnesium chloride. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Magnesium chloride present in common salt is a deliquescent substance i.e. it absorbs moisture from the air when kept in open. 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : There is no vaccine for AIDS. 

 Resson (R)   : The AIDS virus changes its genetic code 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

A vaccine contains the inactivated germs of the disease. But the AIDS virus changes its genetic code and so on vaccine has been invented for it. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  :  a Leaves of plants are green. 

Reason (R)    :   Plants contain chromoplasts, the green pigment. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

Leaves of plants are green because they contain the green pigment, chlorophyll. However, plants contain chromoplasts but they are not green pigments. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

 Assertion (A) : We feel colder on mountains than on plains.

 Reason (R)    : Temperature decreases with altitude. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Higher above the sea level, temperature decreases at the rate of  1 degree centigarade for every 165 me-tres of ascent making mountain peaks colder. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : a Vaccines prevent diseases. 

Reason (R)    : Vaccines must be given to children. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Vaccines prevent diseases by developing immunity inside the body and vaccines must be given to children to build in them a resistance against diseases. 

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