Q:

You need to subnet a network that has 5 subnets, each wit at least 16 hosts. Which classful subnet mask would you use?

A) 255.255.255.192 B) 255.255.255.224
C) 255.255.255.240 D) 255.255.255.248
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 255.255.255.224

Explanation:

You need 5 subnets, each with at least 16 hosts. The mask 255.255.255.240 provides 16 subnets with 14 hosts - this will not work. The mask 255.255.255.224 provides 8 subnets, each with 30 hosts. This is the best answer.

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2 8832
Q:

At which layer is routing implemented , enabling connections and path selection between two end systems?

Answer

The Network layer provides routing through an internetwork and logical addressing.

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Subject: CCNA

12 8297
Q:

You want to run the new 802.1w on your switches. which of the following would enable this protocol?

A) Switch (config) # Spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst B) Switch#spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst
C) Switch (config)#spanning-tree mode 802.1w D) Switch#spanning-tree mode 802.1w
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Switch (config) # Spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst

Explanation:

802.1w is the also called Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol. It is not enabled by default on Cisco switches, but it is a better STP to run since it has all the fixes that the Cisco extensions provide with 802.1d

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0 8103
Q:

Which layer is responsible for converting data packets from the Data Link layer into electrical signals?

Answer

The physical layer takes frames from the Data Link layer and encodes the 1s and 0s into a digital signal for transmission on the network medium.

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Subject: CCNA

7 7853
Q:

The DoD model (also called the TCP/IP stack) has four layers. Which layer of the DoD model is equivalent to the Network layer of the OSI model?

A) Application B) Host-to-Host
C) Internet D) Network Access
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Internet

Explanation:

The four layers of the DoD model are Application/process, Host-to-Host, Internet, and Network Access. The Internet layer is equivalent to the Network layer of the OSI model.

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3 7819
Q:

Which layer combines bits into bytes and bytes into frames, uses MAC addressing , and provides error detection?

Answer

The Data Link layer is responsible for the framing of data packets.

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Subject: CCNA

10 7818
Q:

How should a router that is being used in a Frame Relay  network be configured to keep split horizon issues from preventing routing updates

A) Configure a seperate subinterface for each PVC with a unique DLCI and subnet assigned to the subinterface B) Combine multiple Frame Relay circuits as a point-to-point line to support multicast and broadcast traffic
C) Configure many subinterfaces in the same subnet D) Configure a single subinterface to establish multiple PVC connections to multiple remote router interfaces.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Configure a seperate subinterface for each PVC with a unique DLCI and subnet assigned to the subinterface

Explanation:

If you have a serial port configured with multiple DLCIs connected to multiple remote sites, split horizon rules stop route updates received on an interface from being sent out the same interface. By creating subinterfaces for each PVC, you can avoid the split horizon issues when using Frame Relay.

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2 7433
Q:

What is the purpose of Spanning Tree Protocol in a switched LAN?

A) To provide a mechanism for network monitoring is switched environments B) To prevent routing loops in network with redundant paths
C) To prevent switching loops in networks with redundant switched paths D) To manage the VLAN database across multiple switches
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) To prevent switching loops in networks with redundant switched paths

Explanation:

The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) was designed to stop layer 2 loops. All Cisco switches have the STP on by default.

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