Technical Questions

Q:

enum colors {BLACK,BLUE,GREEN}

main()

{

printf( "%d..%d..%d", BLACK, BLUE, GREEN );

return(1);

}

A) 1..2..3 B) 0..1..2
C) 1..1..1 D) 0..0..0
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 0..1..2

Explanation:

enum assigns numbers starting from 0, if not explicitly defined.

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Q:

What is a binary semaphore? What is its use?

Answer

A binary semaphore is one, which takes only 0 and 1 as values. They are used to implement mutual exclusion and synchronize concurrent processes.

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Q:

Unreachable code would best be found using

A) code inspections B) a static analysis tool
C) code reviews D) a test management tool
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) code reviews

Explanation:

Code review is a software quality assurance activity in which one or several humans check a program mainly by viewing and reading parts of its source code, and they do so after implementation or as an interruption of implementation.

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Q:

Define latency, transfer and seek time with respect to disk I/O.

Answer

Seek time is the time required to move the disk arm to the required track. Rotational delay or latency is the time it takes for the beginning of the required sector to reach the head. Sum of seek time (if any) and latency is the access time. Time taken to actually transfer a span of data is transfer time.

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Q:

Which of the following is not a valid escape code?

A) " B) \
C) ' D) =
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) =

Explanation:

The valid escape codes in programming languages are ', ", \, n, or t are the valid escape codes. 

 

For example, the sequence \n usually represents a newline, while the escape sequence \\ represents a backslash, \t usually represents a newtab.

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Q:

What will be output when you will execute following c code?

#include <stdio.h>
void main()

{
    signed int a = -1;
    unsigned int b = -1u;
    if(a == b)
         printf( "The Lord of the Rings" );
    else
         printf( "American Beauty" );
}

A) The Lord of the Rings B) American Beauty
C) Compilation error: Cannot compare signed number with unsigned number D) Warning: Illegal operation
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) The Lord of the Rings

Explanation:
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Q:

What resources are used when a thread is created? How do they differ from those when a process is created?

Answer

When a thread is created the threads does not require any new resources to execute the thread shares the resources like memory of the process to which they belong to. The benefit of code sharing is that it allows an application to have several different threads of activity all within the same address space. Whereas if a new process creation is very heavyweight because it always requires new address space to be created and even if they share the memory then the inter process communication is expensive when compared to the communication between the threads.

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Q:

What will be output when you will execute following c code?

#include <stdio.h>
void main()

{
    int const SIZE = 5;
    int expr;
    double value[SIZE] = { 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 10.0 };
    expr=1|2|3|4;
    printf ( "%f", value[expr] );
}

A) 2.000000 B) 4.000000
C) 8.000000 D) Compilation error
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Compilation error

Explanation:

Size of any array in c cannot be constantan variable.

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