Hardware Questions

Q:

What's the difference between L1 and L2 cache?

Answer

Level 1 cache is internal to the chip, Level 2 is external.

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Q:

Which is the Stack used in 8085?

Answer

LIFO (Last In First Out) stack is used in 8085. in this type of Stack the last stored information can be retrieved first.

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Q:

Give a circuit to divide frequency of clock cycle by two?

Answer

You can divide the frequency of a clock by just implementing T Flip flop.


Give clock as clock input and tie the T input to logic 1.

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Q:

Define HCMOS?

Answer

High-density n-type Complimentary Metal Oxide Silicon field effect transistor.

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Q:

How many bits are in an IPV4 address?

A) 128 bits B) 64 bits
C) 32 bits D) 16 bits
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 32 bits

Explanation:

IPV4 Internet Protocol Version 4 has 32 bits of address.

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Q:

Where's MBR located on the disk?

Answer

Main Boot Record is located is sector 0, track 0, head 0, cylinder 0 of the primary active partition.

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Q:

What are the blocking and non-blocking assignments in Verilog and which is preferred in Sequential Circutis?

Answer

A blocking assignment is one in which the statements are executed sequentially, i.e., first statement is executed and variable is assigned  a value then second is executed and so on. A non blocking assignment is  one in which statements occurs conturrently, only non blocking assignments should be used in sequential circuit.


 


e.g.


initial


begin


a=b; //blocking


c<=a; //nonblocking


d=c; // blocking


end


 


In this example firstly the value of b is assigned to a and this value is assigned to c only after execution of first statement. the second and the third statements are executed simultaneously, i.e. value a ais assigned to c and previous value if c is assigned to d.

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Q:

Explain compiler?

Answer

compiler is used to translate the high-level language program into machine code at a time. It doesn't require special instruction to store in a memory, it stores automatically. the execution time is less compared interpreter.


A compiler is a program that translates a source program written in some high-level programming langualge (such as Java) into machine code for some computer architecture (such as the Inter Pentium archiecture).

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