7
Q:

From a tank of petrol , which contains 200 liters of petrol, the seller replaces each time with kerosene when he sells 40 liters of petrol(or mixture). Everytime he sells out only 40 liters of petrol (pure or impure). After replacing the petrol with kerosene 4th time, the total amount of kerosene in the mixture is

A) 81.92L B) 96L
C) 118.08L D) None of these

Answer:   C) 118.08L



Explanation:

The amount of petrol left after 4 operations = 200×1-402004=81.92 

 

Hence the amount of kerosene = 200 - 81.92 = 118.08 liters

Q:

A tin a mixture of two liquids A and B in the proportion 4 : 1. If 45 litres of the mixture is replaced by 45 litres of liquid B, then the ratio of the two liquids becomes 2 : 5. How much of the liquid B was there in the tin? What quantity does the tin hold?

A) 58 l B) 65 l
C) 50 l D) 62 l
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 50 l

Explanation:

Let the tin contain 5x litres of liquids

5x - 45 x 455x - 45 x 15 + 45 = 25

=> 5(4x - 36) = 2(x + 36)

=> 20x - 180 = 2x + 72

=> x = 14 litres

Hence, the initial quantity of mixture = 70l

Quantity of liquid B

70 - 45 x 15 + 45 

= 50 litres.

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3 589
Q:

An alloy of copper and bronze weight 50g. It contains 80% Copper. How much copper should be added to the alloy so that percentage of copper is increased to 90%?

A) 45 gm B) 50 gm
C) 55 gm D) 60 gm
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 50 gm

Explanation:

Initial quantity of copper =80100 x 50 = 40 g 

And that of Bronze = 50 - 40 = 10 g

Let 'p' gm of copper is added to the mixture

=> 50 + p x 90100 = 40 + p

=> 45 + 0.9p = 40 + p

=> p = 50 g

Hence, 50 gms of copper is added to the mixture, so that the copper is increased to 90%.

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4 542
Q:

A man pays Rs. 6.40 per litre of milk. He adds water and sells the mixture at Rs. 8 per litre, thereby making 37.5% profit. The proportion of water to milk received by the customers is

A) 1 : 10 B) 10 : 1
C) 9 : 11 D) 11 : 9
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1 : 10

Explanation:

Customer ratio of Milk and Water is given by

Milk          ::        Water

  6.4                         0

         81 + 38 =6411

 6411                      6410 - 6411 

=> Milk : Water = 110 : 11 = 10 : 1

 

Therefore, the proportionate of Water to Milk for Customer is 1 : 10

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11 538
Q:

In a 40 litre mixture of alcohol & water, the ratio of alcohol and water is 5 : 3. If 20% of this mixture is taken out and the same amount of water is added then what will be the ratio of alcohol and water in final mixture?

A) 1:1 B) 2:1
C) 3:1 D) 1:2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1:1

Explanation:

Quantity of alohol in the mixture = 40 x 5/8 = 25 lit

Quantity of water = 40 - 25 = 15 lit

According to question,

Required ratio = 20 - 40 x 20100 x 5815 - 40 x 20100 x 38 + 40 x 20100 = 2015 - 3 + 8 = 1 : 1

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8 739
Q:

In a 100 litre of mixture the ratio of milk and water is 6:4. How much milk must be added to the mixture in order to make the ratio 3 : 1?

A) 85 B) 60
C) 55 D) 45
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 60

Explanation:

Let M litres milk be added


=> 60 + M40 = 31


=> 60 + M = 120


=> M = 60 lit.

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6 429
Q:

A mixture contains 25% milk and rest water. What percent of this mixture must taken out and replaced with milk so that in mixture milk and water may become equal. 

A) 31.8% B) 31%
C) 33.33% D) 29.85%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 33.33%

Explanation:

Now, take percentage of milk and applying mixture rule

25          100

       50

50            25  = 2 : 1

 

Hence required answer =  1/3 or 33.33%

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9 497
Q:

The concentration of glucose in three different mixtures (glucose and alcohol) is 12,35 and 45 respectively. If 2 litres, 3 litres and 1 litre are taken from these three different vessels and mixed. What is the ratio of glucose and alcohol in the new mixture? 

A) 3:2 B) 4:3
C) 2:3 D) 3:4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 3:2

Explanation:

Concentration of glucose are in the ratio = 12:35:45

Quantity of glucose taken from A = 1 liter out of 2

Quantity of glucose taken from B = 3/5 x 3 = 1.5 lit

Quantity of glucose taken from C = 0.8 lit

So, total quantity of glucose taken from A,B and C = 3.6 lit

So, quantity of alcohol = (2 + 3 + 1) - 3.6 = 2.4 lit

Ratio of glucose to alcohol = 3.6/2.4 = 3:2

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8 765
Q:

A milkman claims to sell milk at its cost price, still, he is making a profit of 30% since he has mixed some amount of water in the milk. What is the % of milk in the mixture?

A) 71.02% B) 76.92%
C) 63.22% D) 86.42%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 76.92%

Explanation:

Let the milk he bought is 1000 ml

Let C.P of 1000 ml is Rs. 100

Here let he is mixing K ml of water

He is getting 30% profit

=> Now, the selling price is also Rs. 100 for 1000 ml

=> 100 : K%

= 100 : 30

10 : 3 is ratio of milk to water

=> Percentage of milk = 10 x 100/13 = 1000/13 = 76.92%

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9 1229