Q:

A, B, C started a business with their investments in the ratio 1:3 :5. After 4 months, A invested the same amount as before and B as well as C withdrew half of their investments. The ratio of their profits at the end of the year is :

A) 1 : 2 : 3 B) 3 : 4 : 15
C) 3 : 5 : 10 D) 5 : 6 : 10
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 5 : 6 : 10

Explanation:

Let their initial investments be x, 3x and 5x respectively. Then,

20x : 24x : 40x = 5 : 6 : 10          

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38 8377
Q:

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's share is Rs. 855, the total profit is :

A) 500 B) 1000
C) 1500 D) 2000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 1500

Explanation:

Let the total profit be Rs. 100.

After paying to charity, A's share  =  = Rs. 57.

If A's share is Rs. 57, total profit = Rs. 100.

If A's share is Rs. 855, total profit  =  = 1500.

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27 6541
Q:

A and B are partners in a business. A contributes 1/4 of the capital for 15 months and B received 2/3 of the profit. For how long B's money was used ?

A) 3 months B) 6 months
C) 10 months D) 12 months
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 10 months

Explanation:

Let the total profit be Rs. z. Then,

B's share = Rs. 2z/3,  A's share = Rs. ( z - 2z/3 ) = Rs. z/3.

A : B = z/3 : 2z/3 = 1:2

Let the total capital be Rs, X and suppose B's money was used for x months. Then.

(1(x) / 4 * 15) / (3x) / 4 * y) = 1/2 <=> y = (15 * 2 / 3) = 10 .

 Thus, B's money was used for 10 months.

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22 6035
Q:

A began a business with Rs. 85,000. He was joined afterwards by B with Ks. 42,500. For how much period does B join, if the profits at the end of the year are divided in the ratio of 3 : 1 ?

A) 4 months B) 5 months
C) 6 months D) 8 months
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 8 months

Explanation:

Suppose B joined for x months . Then,  ( 85000 * 12 )/(42500 * x) = 3. or x = (85000 * 12) / (42500 * 3) = 8.

So, B joined for 8 months.

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22 3786
Q:

Anand and Deepak started a business investing Rs. 22,500 and Rs. 35,000 respectively. Out of a total profit of Rs. 13,800, Deepak's share is :

A) 8400 B) 8200
C) 8100 D) 8000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 8400

Explanation:

Ratio of their shares = 22500 : 35000 = 9 : 14.

Deepak's share = Rs. (13800 * 14/23) = Rs. 8400.

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23 3392