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Q:

8 years ago there were 5 members in the Arthur's family and then the average age of the family  was 36 years. Mean while Arthur got married and gave birth to a child. Still the average age of his family is same now. What is the age of his wife at the time of his child's birth was.If the difference between the age of her  child and herself was 26 years.

A) 25 years B) 26 years
C) 20 years D) can't be determined

Answer:   B) 26 years



Explanation:

Since we know that the difference b/w the age of any two persons remains always constant, while the ratio of their ages gets changed as the time changes.

so, if the age of his child be x (presently)

Then the age of  wife be x + 26 (presently)

Thus the total age = x + ( x + 26) = 32  [\inline \because 252-220 =32]

\inline \Rightarrow x = 3

\inline \therefore The age of her child is 3 years and her self  is 29 years. Hence her age at the time of the birth of her child was 26 years.

Q:

It costs Rs. p each to send the first thousand messsages and Rs. q to send each subsequent one . If r is greater than 1,000, how many Rupees will it cost to send r messages ?

A) 1000 (r - p) + pq B) 1000 p + qr
C) 1000 (r - q) + pr D) 1000(p - q) + qr
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 1000(p - q) + qr

Explanation:

We need to find the total cost to send r messsages, r > 1000.

The first 1000 messsages will cost Rs.p each (Or) 

The total cost of first 1000 messsages = Rs.1000p

The remaining (r - 1000) messsages will cost Rs.q each (Or)

The cost of the (r - 1000) = Rs.(r - 1000)y

 

Therefore, total cost = 1000p + rq - 1000q

= 1000(p - q) + qr

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5 109
Q:

Sriram was conducting an experiment in which the average of 11 observations came to be 92, while the average of first five observations was 89, and that of the last five was 86. What was the measure of the 6th observation ? 

A) 134 B) 137
C) 139 D) 141
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 137

Explanation:
This can be done as,
 
(11 × 92)  -  (5 × 89)  -  (5 × 86) 
 
= 1012- 445 - 430 = 137
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7 108
Q:

In a mens hostel, there were 95 students. To accommodate 30 more students the average is decreased by rupees 5. But total expenditure increased by Rs.500. Find the total expenditure of the hostel now ?

A) Rs. 4680 B) Rs. 4420
C) Rs. 4960 D) Rs. 5480
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 4680

Explanation:

Let the expenditure on the 95 students be 'x'

Then,

95x + 500 = 120(x – 5)
95x + 500 = 120x - 600
120x - 95x = 1100
25x = 1100
=> x = 44

Therefore, total expenditure of the hostel becomes
95 x 44 + 500 = 4680.

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11 331
Q:

There are 100 students in 3 sections A, B and C of a class. The average marks of all the three sections was 84. The average of B and C was 87.5 and the average marks of students in A section was :

A) 20 B) 35
C) 54 D) 40
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 20

Explanation:

Numbers of students in section A = x
∴ Numbers of students in section B and C = (100 – x)
∴ x 70 + (100 – x) 87.5 = 84 100
=> 70x + 87.5 100 – 87.5x = 8400
=> 8750 – 17.5x = 8400
=> 17.5x = 8750 – 8400 => x = 20.

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14 593
Q:

The average monthly salary of 24 employees in an organisation is Rs. 1500. If the manager's salary is added, then the average salary increases by Rs. 400. What is the manager's monthly salary ?

A) Rs. 8840 B) Rs. 11,500
C) Rs. 12,800 D) Rs. 9450
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 11,500

Explanation:

Manager's monthly salary

= Rs. (1900 x 25 - 1500 x 24) = Rs. 11,500

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