18
Q:

A man covers a journey from Meerut to Delhi by a car at an average speed of 40 km/hr. He returns back by scooter with an average speed 24 km/hr. Find his average speed during the whole journey? 

Answer:
Q:

The ratio of speeds of a car, a train and a bus is 5:9:4. The average speed of the car, the bus and the train is 72 km/hr together. What is the average speed of the car and the train together ?

A) 84 km/hr B) 96 km/hr
C) 72 km/hr D) 60 km/hr
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 84 km/hr

Explanation:

Let the speeds of the car, train and bus be 5x, 9x and 4x km/hr respectively.
Average speed = 5x + 9x + 4x/3 = 18x /3 = 6x km/hr.
Also, 6x = 72 => x = 12 km/hr
Therefore, the average speed of the car and train together is = = 7x = 7 x 12 = 84 km/hr.

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3 4
Q:

When all the students in a school are made to stand in rows of 54, 30 such rows are formed. If the students are made to stand in rows of 45, how many such rows will be formed ?

A) 22 B) 36
C) 32 D) 26
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 36

Explanation:

Total number of students = 54 x 30
When arranged in rows of 45, number of rows formed are,
= 36.

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3 34
Q:

20 men went to a restaurant. Ninteen of them paid Rs.70 each and the twentieth man paid Rs.90.25 more than the average of all the 20 men. What is the total bill ?

A) Rs. 1495 B) Rs. 548
C) Rs. 850 D) Rs. 1750
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 1495

Explanation:

Let the average bill paid by twenty members = 'x'

But 19 men paid each = Rs. 70

20th man paid Rs. 90.25 more than the avg bill of 20 = x + 90.25

20x = 19(70) + x + 90.25
19x = 1330 + 90.25
19x = 1420.25
x = 1420.25/19 = Rs. 74.75

But the total bill = 20 x 74.75 = Rs. 1495.

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4 57
Q:

On a school’s Annual day sweets were to be equally distributed amongst 112 children. But on that particular day, 32 children were absent. Thus the remaining children got 6 extra sweets. How many sweets was each child originally supposed to get ?

A) 14 B) 16
C) 12 D) 15
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 15

Explanation:

Let 'K' be the total number of sweets.
Given total number of students = 112
If sweets are distributed among 112 children,
Let number of sweets each student gets = 'L'

=> K/112 = L ....(1)
But on that day students absent = 32 => remaining = 112 - 32 = 80
Then, each student gets '6' sweets extra.

=> K/80 = L + 6 ....(2)
from (1) K = 112L substitute in (2), we get
112L = 80L + 480
32L = 480
L = 15

Therefore, 15 sweets were each student originally supposed to get.

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3 28
Q:

A batsman scores 26 runs and increases his average from 14 to 15. Find the runs to be made if he wants top increasing the average to 19 in the same match ?

A) 74 B) 79
C) 72 D) 60
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 74

Explanation:

Number of runs scored more to increse the ratio by 1 is 26 - 14 = 12
To raise the average by one (from 14 to 15), he scored 12 more than the existing average.
Therefore, to raise the average by five (from 14 to 19), he should score 12 x 5 = 60 more than the existing average. Thus he should score 14 + 60 = 74.

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4 65