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Q:

What does the central nervous system consists of?

A) Brain B) Spinal cord
C) Nerves D) All the above

Answer:   D) All the above



Explanation:

The central nervous system CNS is responsible for integrating sensory information and responding accordingly.

It consists of two main components::

 1. The brain

 2. The spinal cord


The brain is the center of our thoughts, the interpreter of our external environment, and the origin of control over body movement. The brain can be divided into four main lobes: temporal, parietal, occipital and frontal.

 

The spinal cord serves as a conduit for signals between the brain and the rest of the body.

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Q:

Which of the following is an endocrine gland?

A) Mammary glands B) Apocrine sweat glands
C) Reproductive glands D) Salivary glands
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Reproductive glands

Explanation:

Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct.

 

The major glands of the endocrine system include:

pineal gland,

pituitary gland,

pancreas,

ovaries,

testes,

thyroid gland,

parathyroid gland,

hypothalamus and

adrenal glands.

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Q:

Gluconeogenesis is a term that describes the synthesis of

Answer

Gluconeogenesis is a metabolic pathway that leads to the synthesis of glucose from pyruvate and other non-carbohydrate precursors, even in non-photosynthetic organisms.


 


It occurs in all microorganisms, fungi, plants and animals, and the reactions are essentially the same, leading to the synthesis of one glucose molecule from two pyruvate molecules. Therefore, it is in essence glycolysis in reverse, which instead goes from glucose to pyruvate, and shares seven enzymes with it.

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0 5
Q:

Which of the following occurred in the presence of tetrodotoxin?

A) The number of action potentials decreased. B) The size of the action potential increased.
C) The number of action potentials increased. D) The size of the action potential decreased.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) The number of action potentials decreased.

Explanation:
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Q:

Which of the following is an abnormal constituent of urine?

A) Creatinine B) Uric acid
C) Glucose D) Urea
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Glucose

Explanation:

Normally, urine contains water and wastes, such as urea, uric acid, creatinine, and some ions. However, some of these substances may be abnormally elevated, which usually indicates that something is wrong with the body.

 

The following are some of the abnormal constituents of urine::

Albumin

Bilirubin

Glucose

Ketone bodies

Blood

Microbes

White blood cells

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Q:

Nitrogenous bases in DNA and RNA?

A) Adenine B) Cytosine
C) Guanine D) All the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) All the above

Explanation:

Nitrogenous base: A molecule that contains nitrogen and has the chemical properties of a base.

 

DNA and RNA ::

 

The nitrogenous bases in DNA are

Adenine (A),

Guanine (G),

Thymine (T), and

Cytosine (C).

 

Whereas the nitrogenous bases in RNA are the same, with one exception:

Adenine (A),

Guanine (G),

Uracil (U), and

Cytosine (C).

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Q:

The correct order of events during meiosis is

A) prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, cytokinesis, meiosis II. B) anaphase I, telophase I, prophase I, cytokinesis, meiosis II.
C) cytokinesis, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, D) telophase I, prophase I, cytokinesis, meiosis II, anaphase
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, cytokinesis, meiosis II.

Explanation:

The correct order of events during meiosis is:

prophase I,

metaphase I,

anaphase I,

telophase I,

cytokinesis, and

meiosis II.

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0 74
Q:

Leukorrhea may be associated with

A) Cervicitis B) Ovarian Cysts
C) Eclampsia D) Menorrhagia
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Cervicitis

Explanation:

Leukorrhea is a thick, whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge. There are many causes of leukorrhea, the usual one being estrogen imbalance. The amount of discharge may increase due to vaginal infection or STDs, and it may disappear and reappear from time to time. This discharge can keep occurring for years, in which case it becomes more yellow and foul-smelling. It is usually a non-pathological symptom secondary to inflammatory conditions of vagina or cervix.

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0 89
Q:

Where does cellular respiration take place in the cell?

A) cytoplasm B) mitochodria
C) Ribosomes D) Chromosomes
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) mitochodria

Explanation:

Cellular repiration takes place in the mitochodria.

 

There are 3 phases of cellular respiration. They are:

1. Glycolysis (Fermentation),

2. Krebs Cycle, and

3. Electron Transport.

 

Glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm. The Krebs cycle and electron transport takes place in the mitochondria.

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