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Q:

600 students took the test on physics and chemistry. 35% students failed in physics and 45% students failed in chemistry and 40% of those who passed in chemistry also passed in physics, then how many students failed in both:

A) 162 B) 138
C) 60 D) None of these

Answer:   D) None of these

Explanation:

                  Physics             Chemistry

Failed           35%                    45%

Passed         65%                    55%

Passed in both = 22% of total student

percentage of students who are passed in any of the physics or chemistry or both =(65+55) - 22 = 98%

So, the percentage of students who are failed in both = 2%

Therefore, total failed (in both subjects) students = 12 

Q:

45% of 750  -  25% of 480 = ?

A) 337.50 B) 217.50
C) 376.21 D) 120
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 217.50

Explanation:

Given expression = (  x 750) - (  x 480) = (337.50 - 120) = 217.50

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Q:

What percent is 120 of 85 ?

A) 133.33 % B) 141.17 %
C) 145.54 % D) 139.29 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 141.17 %

Explanation:

=> p = 12000/85 = 141.17 %

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Q:

A number increased by 30% gives 390. The number is

A) 180 B) 300
C) 480 D) 260
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 300

Explanation:

Let the number be 'N'
Given N + 30N/100 = 390
=> 130N/100 = 390
=> N = 390 x 10/13
=> N = 300.

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Q:

If 25% of a number is subtracted from a second number, the second number reduces to its four-sixth. What is the ratio of the first number to the second number  ?

A) 4:3 B) 2:3
C) 3:2 D) 5:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 4:3

Explanation:

Let the numbers be p & q

q-p/4 = 4q/6

=> q-4q/6 = p/4

=> 2q/6 = p/4 

=> p/q = 4/3

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Q:

A number, when 35 is subtracted from it, reduces to its 80 percent. What is four - fifth of that number  ?

A) 175 B) 140
C) 135 D) 95
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 140

Explanation:

x - 35 = 80x/100 

=> x = 175 

=> 4x/5 = 4x175/5 = 140.

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