4
Q:

Helpers are needed to prepare for the fete. Each helper can make either 2 large cakes or 35 small cakes per hour. The kitchen is available for 3 hours and 20 large cakes and 700 small cakes are needed. How many helpers are required?

A) 10 B) 15
C) 20 D) 25

Answer:   A) 10



Explanation:

20 large cakes will require the equivalent of 10 helpers working for one hour. 700 small cakes will require the equivalent of 20 helpers working for one hour. This means if only one hour were available we would need 30 helpers. But since three hours are available we can use 10 helpers.

Q:

In an election between two candidates K and L, the number of valid votes received by K exceeds those received by L by 15% of the total number of votes polled. If 20% of the votes polled were invalid and a total of 8720 votes were polled, then how many valid votes did L get ?

A) 3241 B) 2457
C) 2642 D) 2834
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 2834

Explanation:

Let the total number of votes polled in the election be 100k.
Number of valid votes = 100k - 20% (100k) = 80k
Let the number of votes polled in favour of K and L be a and b respectively.
a - b = 15% (100k) => a = b + 15k
=> a + b = b + 15k + b
Now, 2b + 15k = 80k and hence b = 32.5k
It is given that 100k = 8720
32.5k = 32.5k/100k x 8720 = 2834

The number of valid votes polled in favour of L is 2834.

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3 173
Q:

In one year, the Amount collected for social welfare, of a village increased by 10% and in the next year, it decreased by 10%. If at the end of 2nd year, the amount was 7920, what was it in the beginning ?

A) 8800 B) 8650
C) 8000 D) 8980
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 8000

Explanation:

Let the amount collected be 'A'
Then, from the given conditions,
A x 110/100 x 90/100 = 7920
A x 0.99 = 7920
A = 7920/0.99
=> 8000

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4 131
Q:

Express 6.72 % in ratio ?

A) 65 : 124 B) 42 : 625
C) 21 : 125 D) 37 : 442
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 42 : 625

Explanation:

6.72/100 = 672/10000 = 42/625

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5 158
Q:

A candidate got 35% of the votes polled and he lost to his rival by 2250 votes. How many votes were cast ?

A) 7500 B) 6200
C) 5600 D) 4700
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 7500

Explanation:

Let the candidates be A & B
35%-----------A
65%-----------B

Difference of votes (65-35)% = 30%

=>          30% ------- 2250
Then for 100% -------- ?     => 7500

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2 233
Q:

Two numbers are 35% and 42% are less than a third number .How much percent is the second number less than the first ?

A) 10.769 % B) 11.23 %
C) 10.4 % D) 9.87 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 10.769 %

Explanation:

I      II     III

65   58   100

65 -------- 7
100 ------ ?  => 10.769%

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2 475