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Q:

Two cards are drawn at random from a well - shuffled pack of 52 cards. what is the probability that either both are red or both are queens?

A) 17/112 B) 55/221
C) 55/121 D) 33/221

Answer:   B) 55/221

Explanation:

n(S) =  = 1326

 Let  A = event of getting both red cards

and B = event of getting both queens

then  = event of getting two red queens

n(A) =  = 325,   n(B) =  = 6

 

 P ( both red or both queens) = 

 = 

Q:

What is the probability that a leap year has 53 Saturdays and 52 Sundays ?

A) 1/7 B) 2/7
C) 1/2 D) 3/2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1/7

Explanation:

A leap year has 52 weeks and two days
Total number of cases = 7
Number of favourable cases = 1
i.e., {Friday, Saturday}

Required Probability = 1/7

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3 70
Q:

Out of first 20 natural numbers, one number is selected at random. The probability that it is either an even number or a prime number is  ?

A) 16/19 B) 1
C) 3/2 D) 17/20
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 17/20

Explanation:

n(S) = 20
n(Even no) = 10 = n(E)
n(Prime no) = 8 = n(P)
P(E U P) = 10/20 + 8/20 - 1/20 = 17/20

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2 71
Q:

The probability that a number selected at random from the first 100 natural numbers is a composite number is  ?

A) 3/2 B) 2/3
C) 1/2 D) 34/7
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 3/2

Explanation:

The number of exhaustive events = 100 C₁ = 100.

We have 25 primes from 1 to 100.

Number of favourable cases are 75.

Required probability = 75/50 = 3/2.

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2 103
Q:

In a party there are 5 couples. Out of them 5 people are chosen at random. Find the probability that there are at the least two couples ?

A) 6/7 B) 19/21
C) 7/31 D) 5/21
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 5/21

Explanation:

Number of ways of (selecting at least two couples among five people selected) = (⁵C₂ x ⁶C₁)

As remaining person can be any one among three couples left.

Required probability = (⁵C₂ x ⁶C₁)/¹⁰C₅
= (10 x 6)/252 = 5/21

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1 69
Q:

If two dice are thrown together, the probability of getting an even number on one die and an odd number on the other is  ?

A) 1 B) 1/2
C) 0 D) 3/5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1/2

Explanation:

The number of exhaustive outcomes is 36.
Let E be the event of getting an even number on one die and an odd number on the other. Let the event of getting either both even or both odd then = 18/36 = 1/2
P(E) = 1 - 1/2 = 1/2.

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