5
Q:

Two cards are drawn at random from a well - shuffled pack of 52 cards. what is the probability that either both are red or both are queens?

A) 17/112 B) 55/221
C) 55/121 D) 33/221

Answer:   B) 55/221

Explanation:

n(S) =  = 1326

 Let  A = event of getting both red cards

and B = event of getting both queens

then  = event of getting two red queens

n(A) =  = 325,   n(B) =  = 6

 

 P ( both red or both queens) = 

 = 

Q:

The Manager of a company accepts only one employees leave request for a particular day. If five employees namely Roshan, Mahesh, Sripad, Laxmipriya and Shreyan applied for the leave on the occasion of Diwali. What is the probability that Laxmi priya’s leave request will be approved ?

A) 1 B) 1/5
C) 5 D) 4/5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1/5

Explanation:

Number of applicants = 5
On a day, only 1 leave is approved.
Now favourable events =  1 of 5 applicants is approved
Probability that Laxmi priya's leave is granted = 1/5.

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3 5
Q:

Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 4 or 15 ?

A) 6/19 B) 3/10
C) 7/10 D) 6/17
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 3/10

Explanation:

Here, S = {1, 2, 3, 4, ...., 19, 20}=> n(s) = 20
Let E = event of getting a multiple of 4 or 15
=multiples od 4 are {4, 8, 12, 16, 20}
And multiples of 15 means multiples of 3 and 5
= {3, 6 , 9, 12, 15, 18, 5, 10, 15, 20}.
= the common multiple is only (15).
=> E = n(E)= 6
Required Probability = P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 6/20 = 3/10.

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4 55
Q:

Out of sixty students, there are 14 who are taking Economics and 29 who are taking Calculus. What is the probability that a randomly chosen student from this group is taking only the Calculus class ?

A) 8/15 B) 7/15
C) 1/15 D) 4/15
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 7/15

Explanation:

Given total students in the class = 60
Students who are taking Economics = 24 and
Students who are taking Calculus = 32
Students who are taking both subjects = 60-(24 + 32) = 60 - 56 = 4
Students who are taking calculus only = 32 - 4 = 28
probability that a randomly chosen student from this group is taking only the Calculus class = 28/60 = 7/15.

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5 49
Q:

Three unbiased coins are tossed. What is the probability of getting at most two heads ?

A) 4/3 B) 2/3
C) 3/2 D) 3/4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 3/4

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space.
Here n(S)= = 8
Let E be the event of getting atmost two heads. Then,
n(E) = {(H,T,T), (T,H,T), (T,T,H), (H,H,T), (T,H,H), (H,T,H)}
Required probability = n(E)/n(S) = 6/8 = 3/4.

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4 128
Q:

Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5 ?

A) 2/3 B) 1/2
C) 7/8 D) 4/5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1/2

Explanation:

Multiples of 3 below 20 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18
Multiples of 5 below 20 are 5, 10, 15, 20
Required number of possibilities = 10
Total number of possibilities = 20
 Required probability = 10/20 = 1/2.

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